QR&Os: Volume II - Chapter 101 General Provisions Respecting the Code of Service Discipline

Official Format

Effective 1 August 2015, the official version of the QR&O is that published in PDF format on this website. In the event of any inconsistency between this consolidation and any printed or electronic copy, this consolidation prevails to the extent of the inconsistency. The HTML version on this website is provided solely for the convenience of readers. Any discrepancies between the HTML and the official PDF version should be reported to the DSCS, Corporate Secretary.

Amendment List:

  • 1 June 2014 – article 101.055 renumbered as 101.08
  • 1 June 2014 – amended article note (C): 101.06
  • 1 June 2014 – article 101.06 renumbered as 101.05
  • 1 June 2014 – article 101.06 notes (A) to (C) repositioned after 101.05
  • 1 June 2014 – article 101.065 renumbered as 101.03
  • 1 June 2014 – article 101.07 renumbered as 101.04
  • 1 June 2014 – article replaced: 101.08
  • 1 June 2014 – article 101.08 renumbered as 101.09
  • 1 June 2014 – article 101.08 notes (A) and (B) repositioned after 101.09
  • 1 June 2014 – article 101.09 renumbered as 101.07
  • 1 June 2014 – article 101.09 note repositioned after 101.07
  • 1 June 2014 – article repealed: 101.10
  • 1 June 2014 – article added: 101.10
  • 1 June 2014 – heading before article added: 101.10
  • 1 June 2014 – article 101.12 renumbered as 101.06
  • 1 June 2014 – article 101.12 notes (A) and (B) repositioned after 101.06
  • 1 June 2014 – repealed heading before article: 101.13
  • 1 June 2014 – heading before article added: 101.13
  • 1 June 2014 – amended article: 101.13
  • 1 June 2014 – article 101.13 renumbered as 101.18
  • 1 June 2014 – added articles: 101.14, 101.15, 101.16 and 101.17
  • 1 June 2014 – heading before article added: 101.16
  • 1 June 2014 – repealed heading before article: 101.18
  • 1 June 2014 – article replaced: 101.18
  • 1 June 2014 – replaced heading before article: 101.19
  • 1 June 2014 – repealed article: 101.19
  • 1 June 2014 – amended article: 101.20
  • 1 June 2014 – article 101.20 renumbered as 101.10 and 101.11
  • 1 June 2014 – article 101.21 renumbered as 101.19
  • 1 June 2014 – amended heading before article: 101.19
  • 1 June 2014 – repealed article: 101.22
  • 1 June 2014 – repealed article note: 101.22
  • 1 June 2014 – article 101.23 renumbered as 101.12
  • 1 June 2014 – repealed article: 101.24
  • 1 June 2014 – repealed article note: 101.24
  • 1 June 2014 – repealed heading before article: 101.25
  • 1 June 2014 – repealed article: 101.25
  • 1 June 2014 – repealed article: 101.26
  • 1 June 2014 – article 101.26 note repositioned after 101.16
  • 18 October 2013 – replaced heading before article 101.13
  • 18 October 2013 – replaced article: 101.13
  • 18 October 2013 – repealed article: 101.14
  • 14 June 2013 – Amended Article: 101.20
  • 1 December 2011 – Repealed: Heading before article 101.15
  • 1 December 2011 – Repealed: Heading before article 101.175
  • 1 December 2011 – Replaced: Heading before article 101.18
  • 1 December 2011 – Replaced: Heading before article 101.19
  • 1 December 2011 – Replaced: Heading before article 101.25
  • 1 December 2011 – Repealed articles: 101.15 to 101.17
  • 1 December 2011 – Repealed article: 101.175
  • 1 December 2011 – Repealed: Section 8 Heading
  • 29 September 2011 – Repealed Article: 101.27
  • 12 September 2008 – New Article: 101.27
  • 18 July 2008 – Amended Article: 101.26
  • 5 June 2008 – Amended Article: 101.08

History:

Section 1 – General

101.01 – MEANING OF "COMMANDING OFFICER"

(1) For the purposes of proceedings under the Code of Service Discipline, "commanding officer":

  1. means, in addition to the officers mentioned in the definition of commanding officer in article 1.02 (Definitions), a detachment commander; and
  2. includes, in relation to an accused person,
    1. the commanding officer of the base, unit or element to which the accused belongs or, except in the case of a detention barrack, the commanding officer of the base, unit or element in which the accused is present when proceedings are taken under the Code of Service Discipline in respect of the accused,
    2. where the accused is a commanding officer, the next superior officer to whom the commanding officer is responsible in matters of discipline or such other officer as the Chief of the Defence Staff may designate, and
    3. the executive officer of a ship, where there is no superior commander on board or in company with the ship and the accused is a non-commissioned member above the rank of sergeant or an officer below the rank of major.

(2) The powers of punishment of a detachment commander shall be subject to such limitations as may be imposed by Chief of the Defence Staff, or the detachment commander's commanding officer.

NOTE

A "detachment commander" is the senior officer in charge of a part of a unit separated from the remainder of the unit and operating under conditions that prevent the commanding officer of the unit from effectively exercising disciplinary powers over the part so separated. The term "detachment commander" includes, for example, the officer in immediate command of persons on detached service on shore from their ship, the officer in command of a reconnaissance group specially organized to operate away from the unit, the officer in charge of a part of a construction maintenance unit working away from the unit, the officer in command of a tender that is absent from the ship to which it is attached and the officer in command of ship's boats that are away on detached service for long periods.

Where a detachment is specially formed to operate under these circumstances, the commanding officer should normally appoint the senior officer in charge to be detachment commander and in that case the appointment should be in writing and may contain any limitation of powers of punishment imposed by the commanding officer. Where the situation arises otherwise than by arrangement, the existence of the detachment and therefore the powers of a detachment commander follow from the factual situation. However, in both these cases, a detachment commander becomes a commanding officer under this provision only if the detachment is geographically separated from the remainder of the unit and under conditions that prevent the commanding officer of the unit from effectively exercising disciplinary power.

(C)

(G) [101.015: repealed by P.C. 1999-1305 effective 1 September 1999]

101.02 – HOW RANKS TO BE CONSTRUED

For the purposes of proceedings under the Code of Service Discipline, every reference to the rank of an officer or non-commissioned member is a reference to the highest rank the member holds, whether substantive, temporary, or acting, exclusive of honorary rank.

(G)

101.03 – INTERPRETATION OF CHARGES

(1) In the construction of a charge, Part 1 (Charge Report) of a Record of Disciplinary Proceedings or a charge sheet, there shall be presumed in favour of supporting it every proposition that may reasonably be presumed to be impliedly included, though not expressed, in the charge, Part 1 (Charge Report) of a Record of Disciplinary Proceedings or the charge sheet.

(2) The statement of the offence and the particulars of the offence shall be read and construed together.

(M) [1 June 2014 – renumbered from 101.065]

101.04 – CASES NOT PROVIDED FOR IN QR&O

When in any proceedings under the Code of Service Discipline a situation arises that is not provided for in QR&O or in orders or instructions issued to the Canadian Forces by the Chief of the Defence Staff, the course that seems best calculated to do justice shall be followed.

(M) [1 June 2014 – renumbered from 101.07]

101.05 – EFFECT OF IRREGULARITIES IN PROCEDURE

(1) A finding made or a sentence passed by a service tribunal shall not be invalid by reason only of deviation from the procedure prescribed in QR&O, unless it appears that injustice has been done to the accused person by the deviation.

(2) Nothing in paragraph (1) shall be construed as relieving an officer or non-commissioned member of the consequences of contravention of the provisions of QR&O.

(M) [1 June 2014 – renumbered from 101.06]

NOTES

(A) Paragraph (1) is intended to prevent the ends of justice being defeated because of defects, usually of a technical nature, in matters of procedure that do not affect the merits of the case.

(B) For the effect of deviation from forms, see article 1.11 (Forms).

(C) When a sentence awarded by a service tribunal involves more than one type of punishment, e.g., reprimand and a fine, the punishment that is higher on the scale of punishments should be pronounced first by the service tribunal. However, no sentence is invalid by reason only that a punishment lower on the scale of punishments was pronounced before any punishment higher on the scale of punishments.

(C)

(G) [101.055 renumbered to 101.08 by P.C. 2014-0575 effective 1 June 2014]

101.06 – WARNING OF PERSONS IN CUSTODY OR SUSPECTED OF HAVING COMMITTED AN OFFENCE

(1) There is no objection to an investigator, endeavouring to discover the author of a crime, asking questions in respect thereof of any person from whom the investigator thinks useful information can be obtained.

(2) When a charge has been laid against a person, a caution in the following form should be administered before any questions are put to that person or statement is taken:

"You are not obliged to say anything. You have nothing to fear from any threat and you have nothing to hope from any promise whether or not you do say anything, but anything you say may be taken down in writing or recorded by other means, or both, and may be used as evidence. Do you fully understand this warning?"

(3) When no charge has been laid against a person but it is suspected that the person may be implicated in an offence and he has not been previously questioned, the following form of caution should be used before any questions are put to that person or a statement is taken:

"Before you say anything relating to any charge which has been or may be preferred against you, you are advised that you are not obliged to say anything, but anything you say may be taken down in writing or recorded by other means, or both, and may be used as evidence. Do you fully understand this warning?"

(4) When a person who is suspected of being implicated in an offence has been questioned previously about the circumstances under investigation, it is necessary to ensure that the effect of any inducement or threat made at that time has been removed, and, therefore, the following form of supplementary caution should be used before questions are put to that person or a statement is taken:

"I wish to give you the following warning: You must clearly understand that anything said to you previously should not influence you nor make you feel compelled to say anything at this time. Whatever you felt influenced or compelled to say earlier you are not now obliged to repeat, nor are you obliged to say anything further, but anything you do say may be taken down in writing or recorded by other means, or both, and may be used as evidence. Do you fully understand this warning?"

(5) A statement made by a person in custody or being questioned before there is time to administer a caution is not rendered valueless merely because no caution was given, but in such a case the person should be cautioned as soon as possible so that the person's position is clear before any further statements are made.

(6) Where more than one person is accused with the same offence and statements are taken separately from the accused persons, the investigator should not read to an accused person the statement of any other accused person but should furnish a copy of any other accused person's statement and nothing should be said or done by the investigator to invite a reply.

(7) Where an accused person is furnished with a copy of a statement pursuant to paragraph (6) and desires to make a statement in reply, the usual caution should be administered.

(8) A person making a statement should not be cross-examined, but this does not preclude the putting of questions to remove ambiguity, to clear up points in the statement or to indicate other aspects of the matter which the person may wish to include in the statement.

(9) The exact words of statements made by persons accused of an offence should be recorded while they are being spoken or as soon thereafter as is practicable and the statement should be signed by the accused person in the presence of one or more witnesses.

(M) [1 June 2014 – renumbered from 101.12]

NOTES

(A) The provisions of this article are intended as a guide only and the fact that a caution has or has not been given in accordance with them will not of itself render the confession admissible or inadmissible in evidence. For the purpose of admissibility in evidence, it will always be a question of fact as to whether any confession was freely and voluntarily made.

(B) Oral and written statements by an accused may be admissible in evidence and if they are admitted it is the exact words of the accused that are of importance. Writing them down and having them signed serves to avoid argument as to what the accused actually did say, but those words, reported by a witness who can testify to them and satisfy a court as to the reliability of that testimony, are just as receivable in evidence as if they were in writing. When statements are made through questions and answers, the exact words of the questions and answers should be written down. The electronic recording of statements by means of audio-visual recording or by other means of recording can also be used. The words used in the cautions under this article are sufficient for informing accused and suspects that their interview may be recorded by any electronic means.

(C)

(M) [101.065 renumbered to 101.03 on 1 June 2014]

101.07 – TRAINING AND CERTIFICATION OF SUPERIOR COMMANDERS AND COMMANDING OFFICERS

(1) Before superior commanders and commanding officers assume their duties, they shall be:

  1. trained in the administration of the Code of Service Discipline in accordance with a curriculum established by the Judge Advocate General; and
  2. certified by the Judge Advocate General as qualified to perform their duties in the administration of the Code of Service Discipline.

(2) The Chief of the Defence Staff may delay the training required under subparagraph (1)(a) to the extent necessary to meet urgent operational requirements.

(G) [P.C. 2014-0575 effective 1 June 2014 renumbered from 101.09]

NOTE

The purpose of this article is to ensure that superior commanders and commanding officers are knowledgeable concerning the administration of the Code of Service Discipline.

101.08 – RESTITUTION OF PROPERTY AND RETURN OF EXHIBITS

(1) Section 249.25 of the National Defence Act provides:

"249.25 (1) Where a person is convicted of an offence under the Code of Service Discipline, the service tribunal shall order that any property obtained by the commission of the offence shall be restored to the person apparently entitled to it if, at the time of the trial, the property is before the service tribunal or has been detained so that it can be immediately restored under the order to the person so entitled.

(2) Where an accused person is tried for an offence but is not convicted and it appears to the service tribunal that an offence has been committed, the service tribunal may order that any property obtained by the commission of the offence shall be restored to the person apparently entitled to it if, at the time of the trial, the property is before the service tribunal or has been detained so that it can be immediately restored under the order to the person so entitled.

(3) An order shall not be made in respect of

  1. property to which an innocent purchaser for value has acquired lawful title;
  2. a valuable security that has been paid or discharged in good faith by a person who was liable to pay or discharge it; or
  3. a negotiable instrument that has, in good faith, been taken or received by transfer or delivery for valuable consideration by a person who had no notice and no reasonable cause to suspect that an offence had been committed.

(4) An order made under this section shall be executed by the persons by whom the process of the service tribunal is ordinarily executed."

(2) An exhibit that has been submitted at a summary trial and has not been restored under paragraph (1) to the person apparently entitled to it may be returned to the person apparently entitled to it with the approval of the commanding officer of the unit, base or element where the exhibit has been retained.

(3) An exhibit that has been submitted at a court martial and has not been restored under paragraph (1) to the person apparently entitled to it may be returned to the person apparently entitled to it with the approval of the Chief Military Judge.

(G) [P.C. 2014-0575 effective 1 June 2014 renumbered from 101.055]

101.09 – RELIEF FROM PERFORMANCE OF MILITARY DUTY – PRE AND POST TRIAL

(1) For the purpose of this article, the following authorities may relieve an officer or non-commissioned member from the performance of military duty:

  1. the Chief of the Defence Staff;
  2. an officer commanding a command;
  3. in the case of a non-commissioned member or an officer below the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel, an officer commanding a formation; and
  4. in the case of an officer cadet or a non-commissioned member below the rank of Warrant Officer, a commanding officer.

(1.1) This article does not apply to a military judge, the Provost Marshal, the Director of Military Prosecutions or the Director of Defence Counsel Services.

(2) Notwithstanding paragraph (1), only the Chief of the Defence Staff may relieve an officer or non-commissioned member from the performance of military duty, if that member is on active service by reason of an emergency.

(3) An authority may relieve an officer or non-commissioned member from the performance of military duty where, in one of the following situations, the authority considers that it is necessary to relieve the member from the performance of military duty to separate the member from their unit:

  1. the authority has reasonable grounds to believe that the member has committed an offence under an Act of Parliament or of a provincial legislature, and an investigation has commenced;
  2. the member has been charged with an offence referred to in subparagraph (a); or
  3. the member has been convicted of an offence referred to in subparagraph (a) but is not undergoing a punishment of detention or imprisonment.

(4) The authority who relieves an officer or non-commissioned member from the performance of military duty shall order that the member return to duty when the circumstances giving rise to the decision to relieve the member from the performance of military duty are no longer present.

(5) Prior to determining whether to relieve an officer or non-commissioned member from the performance of military duty, the authority shall provide to the member

  1. the reason why the decision to relieve the member from the performance of military duty is being considered; and
  2. a reasonable opportunity to make representations.

(6) The authority who relieves an officer or non-commissioned member from the performance of  military duty shall, within 24 hours of relieving the member from the performance of military duty, provide the member with written reasons for the decision.

(7) An authority, other than the Chief of the Defence Staff, who relieves an officer or non-commissioned member from the performance of military duty or orders that the member return to duty, shall make a report in writing to the officer to whom the authority is responsible in matters of discipline, setting out the reasons for the decision.

(M) [1 June 2014 – renumbered from 101.08]

NOTES

(A) Relief from the performance of military duty is not to be used as a form of discipline or as a sanction.  Action to relieve a member should only be considered after concluding that other administrative means are inadequate in the circumstances.  In determining whether to relieve a member, an authority must balance the public interest including the effect on operational effectiveness and morale, with the interests of the member.  A commanding officer must monitor each case to ensure that appropriate action is taken if there are changes in the circumstances on which the decision to relieve a member was based.

(B) Although a member is relieved from the performance of military duty, they are required to obey all lawful commands, including an order to attend before a service tribunal or a board of inquiry.

(C)


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Section 2 – Provision of Legal Services to Persons Subject to Code of Service Discipline

101.10 – DUTIES AND FUNCTIONS OF DIRECTOR OF DEFENCE COUNSEL SERVICES

Section 249.19 of the National Defence Act provides:

"249.19 The Director of Defence Counsel Services provides, and supervises and directs the provision of, legal services prescribed in regulations made by the Governor in Council to persons who are liable to be charged, dealt with and tried under the Code of Service Discipline."

(C) [1 June 2014 – renumbered from 101.20(1)]

101.11 – LEGAL SERVICES PROVIDED BY DIRECTOR OF DEFENCE COUNSEL SERVICES

(1) For the purposes of section 249.19 of the National Defence Act, the following legal services are prescribed:

  1. provision of legal advice to a person arrested or detained in respect of a service offence;
  2. provision of legal counsel to an accused person where there are reasonable grounds to believe that the accused person is unfit to stand trial (see article 107.10 – Appointment of Legal Counsel – Accused Unfit To Stand Trial);
  3. provision of legal advice of a general nature to an assisting officer or accused person on matters relating to summary trials;
  4. provision of legal advice with respect to the making of an election to be tried by court martial (see articles 108.17 – Election to be Tried by Court Martial and 108.18 – Opportunity to Consult Legal Counsel on Election);
  5. provision of legal counsel in respect of a hearing under subsection 159(1) of the National Defence Act;
  6. provision of legal counsel to an accused person in respect of whom an application to a referral authority has been made under article 109.03 (Application to Referral Authority for Disposal of a Charge);
  7. provision of legal counsel to the Respondent on an appeal or an application for leave to appeal by the Minister under section 230.1, 230.2 or 245 of the National Defence Act (see articles 115.03 – Right to Appeal by Minister, 115.031 – Appeal Respecting the Legality of a Decision Made under Section 227.03, 227.1 or 227.12 of the National Defence Act, and 115.27 – Appeal to Supreme Court of Canada);
  8. provision of legal counsel to a person on an appeal or an application for leave to appeal under section 230, 230.2 or 245 of the National Defence Act with the approval of the Appeal Committee established under article 101.19 (Appeal Committee) (see articles 115.02 – Right to Appeal by Person Tried, 115.031 – Appeal Respecting the Legality of a Decision Made under Section 227.03, 227.1 or 227.12 of the National Defence Act, and 115.27 – Appeal to Supreme Court of Canada); and
  9. provision of legal advice to a person who is the subject of an investigation under the Code of Service Discipline, a summary investigation or a board of inquiry.

(2) For greater certainty, the provision of legal counsel to an accused person under subparagraph 2(f) includes representation at:

  1. a court martial;
  2. a hearing for release pending appeal; and
  3. a hearing as to the sufficiency of admissible evidence to put the accused person on trial where a finding of unfit to stand trial has been made.

(3) Legal officers performing defence counsel services may, with the concurrence of the Director of Defence Counsel Services, perform other duties that are not incompatible with their duties as defence counsel.

(4) The Director of Defence Counsel Services shall report annually to the Judge Advocate General on the provision of legal services prescribed under paragraph (2) and the performance of any other duties under paragraph (4).

(5) Legal counsel is not provided by the Director of Defence Counsel Services under paragraph (2) in connection with any matter for which a person is represented by civilian legal counsel.

(G) [P.C. 2014-0575 effective 1 June 2014 renumbered from 101.20(2)]

101.12 – PREPARATION OF DEFENCE BY ACCUSED

When a court martial has been convened, the commanding officer shall ensure that the accused is afforded full opportunity to prepare his defence and to have free and private communication with his legal counsel, his adviser and, if he has no legal counsel, his witnesses.

(G) [P.C. 2014-0575 effective 1 June 2014 renumbered from 101.23]


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Section 3 – Director of Military Prosecutions Inquiry Committee and Director of Defence Counsel Services Inquiry Committee

101.13 – DIRECTOR OF MILITARY PROSECUTIONS INQUIRY COMMITTEE

(1) A committee to be known as the Director of Military Prosecutions Inquiry Committee is established for the purpose of subsection 165.1(2) of the National Defence Act.

(2) The Director of Military Prosecutions Inquiry Committee is to be composed of members appointed by the Minister as follows:

  1. one person who has been nominated by the Judge Advocate General and who is a barrister or advocate with at least 10 years' standing at the bar of a province but is not an officer or non-commissioned member;
  2. one person who has been nominated by the Chief of the Defence Staff and who is not a legal officer or a member of the military police; and
  3. one person who has been nominated, subject to the consent of the appropriate Deputy Attorney General, by the members referred to in subparagraphs (a) and (b) and who is a federal or provincial Crown Attorney with at least 10 years' standing at the bar of a province.

(3) The Chairperson of the Director of Military Prosecutions Inquiry Committee is the member appointed under subparagraph (2)(c).

(4) Each member holds office for a term of not more than four years.

(5) A member is eligible to be reappointed on the expiration of a first or subsequent term.

(6) In the event of the absence or incapacity of a member, the Minister may appoint, as a substitute temporary member, a person nominated in accordance with paragraph (2).

(7) If the office of a member becomes vacant during the member's term, the Minister shall appoint a person nominated in accordance with paragraph (2) to hold office for the remainder of the term.

(8) A quorum consists of all three members.

(G) [P.C. 2014-0575 effective 1 June 2014 renumbered from 101.18]

101.14 – DIRECTOR OF DEFENCE COUNSEL SERVICES INQUIRY COMMITTEE

(1) A committee to be known as the Director of Defence Counsel Services Inquiry Committee is established for the purpose of subsection 249.18(2) of the National Defence Act.

(2) The Director of Defence Counsel Services Inquiry Committee is to be composed of members appointed by the Minister as follows:

  1. one person who has been nominated by the Judge Advocate General and who is a barrister or advocate with at least 10 years' standing at the bar of a province but is not an officer or non-commissioned member;
  2. one person who has been nominated by the Chief of the Defence Staff and who is not a legal officer or a member of the military police; and
  3. one person who has been nominated by the members referred to in subparagraphs (a) and (b) and who is a barrister or advocate,with at least 10 years' standing at the bar of a province but is not a prosecutor with a federal or provincial prosecution service.

(3) The Chairperson of the Director of Defence Counsel Services Inquiry Committee is the member appointed under subparagraph (2)(c).

(4) Each member holds office for a term of not more than four years.

(5) A member is eligible to be reappointed on the expiration of a first or subsequent term.

(6) In the event of the absence or incapacity of a member, the Minister may appoint, as a substitute temporary member, a person nominated in accordance with paragraph (2).

(7) If the office of a member becomes vacant during the member's term, the Minister shall appoint a person nominated in accordance with paragraph (2) to hold office for the remainder of the term.

(8) A quorum consists of all three members.

(G) [P.C. 2014-0575 effective 1 June 2014]

101.15 – CONDUCT OF INQUIRY

(1) The Director of Military Prosecutions Inquiry Committee or the Director of Defence Counsel Services Inquiry Committee shall, on request in writing made by the Minister, commence an inquiry as to whether the Director of Military Prosecutions or the Director of Defence Counsel Services, as the case may be, should be removed from office.

(2) The Director of Military Prosecutions Inquiry Committee or the Director of Defence Counsel Services Inquiry Committee may, on receipt of any complaint or allegation in writing made in respect of the Director of Military Prosecutions or the Director of Defence Counsel Services, as the case may be, commence an inquiry as to whether the Director of Military Prosecutions or the Director of Defence Counsel Services should be removed from office.

(3) The Chairperson of the Director of Military Prosecutions Inquiry Committee or the Director of Defence Counsel Services Inquiry Committee may designate a member of his or her committee to examine the complaint or allegation referred to in paragraph (2) and to recommend whether an inquiry should be commenced.

(4) The Director of Military Prosecutions or the Director of Defence Counsel Services shall be given reasonable notice of the inquiry's subject matter and of its time and place and shall be given an opportunity, in person or by counsel, to be heard at the inquiry, to cross-examine witnesses and to adduce evidence on his or her own behalf.

(5) The Director of Military Prosecutions Inquiry Committee or the Director of Defence Counsel Services Inquiry Committee may hold an inquiry either in public or in private unless the Minister, having regard to the interests of the persons participating in the inquiry and the interests of the public, directs that an inquiry be held in public.

(6) The Director of Military Prosecutions Inquiry Committee or the Director of Defence Counsel Services Inquiry Committee may recommend to the Minister that the Director of Military Prosecutions or the Director of Defence Counsel Services, as the case may be, be removed if, in its opinion,

  1. the Director of Military Prosecutions or the Director of Defence Counsel Services has become incapacitated or disabled from the due execution of his or her duties by reason of
    1. infirmity,
    2. having been guilty of misconduct,
    3. having failed in the due execution of his or her duties, or
    4. having been placed, by his or her conduct or otherwise, in a position incompatible with the due execution of his or her duties; or
  2. the Director of Military Prosecutions or the Director of Defence Counsel Services does not satisfy the physical and medical fitness standards applicable to officers.

(7) The Director of Military Prosecutions Inquiry Committee or the Director of Defence Counsel Services Inquiry Committee shall provide to the Minister a record of each inquiry and a report of its conclusions. If the inquiry was held in public, its inquiry committee shall make its report available to the public.

(G) [P.C. 2014-0575 effective 1 June 2014]


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Section 4 – Court Martial

101.16 – DUTIES AND FUNCTIONS OF COURT MARTIAL ADMINISTRATOR

Section 165.19 of the National Defence Act provides:

"165.19 (1) The Court Martial Administrator performs the duties specified in sections 165.191 to 165.193 and, if he or she convenes a General Court Martial, shall appoint its members.

(2) The Court Martial Administrator performs such other duties as may be specified by this Act or prescribed by the Governor in Council in regulations.

(3) The Court Martial Administrator acts under the general supervision of the Chief Military Judge."

(C) [1 June 2014]

NOTE

Duties of the Court Martial Administrator with respect to the convening of courts martial and pre-trial administration are set out in Chapter 111 (Convening of Courts Martial and Pre-Trial Administration).

(C) [1 June 2014 – renumbered from 101.26]

101.17 – OTHER DUTIES OF COURT MARTIAL ADMINISTRATOR

For the purposes of subsection 165.19(2) of the National Defence Act, the Court Martial Administrator shall conduct the following duties:

  1. manage the Office of the Chief Military Judge and supervise personnel, other than military judges, within that Office;
  2. assign a court reporter for each court martial or other hearing before a military judge;
  3. control and maintain the schedule for courts martial and other hearings before a military judge;
  4. maintain a file in respect of each court martial or other hearing before a military judge; and
  5. retain the recording and minutes of proceedings of each court martial and other hearing before a military judge (see article 112.66 – Minutes of Proceedings).

(G) [P.C. 2014-0575 effective 1 June 2014]

(G) [101.175: repealed by P.C. 2011-1406 effective 1 December 2011]

101.18 – COURT MARTIAL RULES COMMITTEE

(1) A committee to be known as the Court Martial Rules Committee is established for the purpose of section 165.3 of the National Defence Act.

(2) The Court Martial Rules Committee is to be composed of the following members:

  1. the Chief Military Judge;
  2. one military judge designated by the Chief Military Judge;
  3. the Director of Military Prosecutions or his or her legal officer designate;
  4. the Director of Defence Counsel Services or his or her legal officer designate;
  5. the Judge Advocate General or his or her legal officer designate; and
  6. the Court Martial Administrator.

(3) The Chief Military Judge shall preside over the Court Martial Rules Committee but, if the Chief Military Judge is absent or so requests, another member designated by the Chief Military Judge shall preside.

(4) Four members of the Court Martial Rules Committee constitute a quorum.

(G) [P.C. 2014-0575 effective 1 June 2014 renumbered from 101.13]


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Section 5 – Appeal Committee

101.19 –APPEAL COMMITTEE

(1) For the purpose of this article, an appeal has professional merit if there is a reasonable chance that one or more of the issues raised on the appeal could be successful and

  1. result in the change of a court martial finding or sentence; or
  2. be of importance to the administration of military justice.

(2) A committee to be known as the Appeal Committee is established. The Committee shall consist of the following:

  1. a retired military judge, a retired judge advocate, a retired president of a Standing Court Martial or Special General Court Martial or a retired judge of a superior court, appointed by the Judge Advocate General;
  2. a barrister or advocate with standing at the bar of a province, other than a legal officer who reports to the Director of Military Prosecutions or the Director of Defence Counsel Services, appointed by the Chief of the Defence Staff; and
  3. a barrister or advocate with standing at the bar of a province, other than a legal officer who reports to the Director of Military Prosecutions or the Director of Defence Counsel Services, appointed by the Director of Defence Counsel Services.

(3) The person appointed under subparagraph (2)(a) shall act as the chairperson of the Committee.

(4) If a person has delivered a Notice of Appeal under section 232 of the National Defence Act, the person may apply to the Committee for the provision of legal counsel by the Director of Defence Counsel Services for the appeal.

(5) The application and a copy of the Notice of Appeal shall be delivered to the Director of Defence Counsel Services within 21 days after the delivery of the Notice of Appeal.

(6) The application should be accompanied by a legal opinion provided by the legal counsel who represented the accused at the court martial or the Court Martial Appeal Court, indicating whether or not the appeal has professional merit.

(7) The Director of Defence Counsel Services may make a recommendation to the Committee in respect of the disposal of any application.

(8) The Committee shall approve the provision of legal counsel by the Director of Defence Counsel Services if the majority of the members of the Committee determine that the appeal has professional merit.

(9) If the Committee does not approve the provision of legal counsel, and the applicant has been sentenced to imprisonment or detention, the Committee shall provide the applicant and the Director of Defence Counsel Services with a written summary of the reasons for the decision. In any other case, the Committee may provide the applicant with a written summary of the reasons.

(10) There is no right to submit a grievance in respect of any matter under this article.

(11) The members of the Committee who are not members of the Canadian Forces nor employees of the Government of Canada shall be paid:

  1. the remuneration fixed by the Governor in Council; and
  2. travel and living expenses incurred by them in the course of their duties while absent from their ordinary place of residence, in accordance with the Travel Directive issued by the Treasury Board as amended from time to time.

(G) [P.C. 2014-0575 effective 1 June 2014 renumbered from 101.21]

(G) [101.20 renumbered to 101.10 and 101.11 by P.C. 2014-0575 effective 1 June 2014]

(G) [101.21 renumbered to 101.19 by P.C. 2014-0575 effective 1 June 2014]

(G) [101.22: repealed by P.C. 2014-0575 effective 1 June 2014]

(G) [101.23 renumbered to 101.12 by P.C. 2014-0575 effective 1 June 2014]

(G) [101.24 to 101.26: repealed by P.C. 2014-0575 effective 1 June 2014]

(G) [101.27: repealed by P.C. 2011-1111 effective 29 September 2011]

[101.28 to 101.99 inclusive: not allocated]