Annex A: Works Cited

A. Legislation/Treaties

  • American Convention on Human Rights, 22 November 1969, 1144 U.N.T.S. 123.
  • Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms, Part I of the Constitution Act, 1982, Being Schedule B to the Canada Act, 1982 (U.K.), 1982, c. 11.
  • Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, 10 December 1984, 1465 U.N.T.S. 85.
  • Crimes Against Humanity and War Crimes Act, S.C. 2000, c. 24.
  • Criminal Code, R.S.C. 1985, c. C-46.
  • Declaration on the Protection of All Persons from Being Subjected to Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment of Punishment, 9 December 1975, GA Res. 3452 (XXX), annex, 30 U.N. GAOR, Supp. No. 34, at 91, UN Doc. A/10034, (1975).
  • European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, 4 November 1950, 213 U.N.T.S. 221.
  • Geneva Convention for the Amelioration of the Condition of the Wounded and Sick in Armed Forces in the Field, 12 August 1949, 75 U.N.T.S. 31.
  • Geneva Convention for the Amelioration of the Condition of the Wounded, Sick, and Shipwrecked Members of Armed Forces at Sea, 12 August 1949, 75 U.N.T.S. 85.
  • Geneva Convention Relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War, 12 August 1949, 75 U.N.T.S. 135. Geneva Convention Relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Times of War, 12 August 1949, 75 U.N.T.S. 287.
  • Geneva Conventions Act, R.S.C. 1985, c. G-3.
  • Immigration and Refugee Protection Act, S.C. 2001, c. 27.
  • International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, 19 December 1966, G.A. Res. 2200A, (XXI), 21 U.N. GAOR Supp. No. 16, U.N. Doc. A/6316 (1966),999 U.N.T.S. 171.
  • Protocol Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, and Relating to the Protection of Victims of International Armed Conflicts (Protocol I), 8 June 1977, 1125 U.N.T.S. 3.
  • Protocol Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, and Relating to the Protection of Victims of Non-International Armed Conflicts (Protocol II), 8 June 1977, 1125 U.N.T.S. 609.
  • Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court, 17 July 1998, 2187 U.N.T.S. 90.
  • Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 10 December 1948, G.A. Res. 217A (III), U.N. GAOR, 3d Sess., at 71, U.N. Doc. A/810 (1948).

B. Jurisprudence

Canada:

  • Bouzari v. Iran (2004), 71 O.R. (3d) 675 (Ont. C.A.).
  • Canada (Minister of Employment and Immigration) v. Chiarelli, [1992] 1 S.C.R. 711.
  • Charkaoui v. Canada (Citizenship and Immigration), [2007] 1 S.C.R. 350.
  • Kindler v. Canada (Minister of Justice), [1991] 2 S.C.R. 779.
  • R. v. Brocklebank, [1996] C.M.A.J. No. 4.
  • R. v. Campbell, [2004] O.J. No. 2151 (Ont. C.A.).
  • R. v. Clot (1982), 69 C.C.C. (2d) 349 (Que. Sup. Ct.).
  • R. v. Collins, [1987] 1 S.C.R. 265.
  • R. v. Cook, [1998] 2 S.C.R. 597.
  • R. v. Dhandwar (1996), 31 W.C.B. (2d) 96.
  • R. v. Fitton, [1956] S.C.R. 958.
  • R. v. Hape, [2007] 2 S.C.R. 292.
  • R. v. Hebert, [1990] 2 S.C.R. 151.
  • R. v. Hobbins, [1982 ] 1 S.C.R. 553.
  • R. v. Hodgson, [1998] 2 S.C.R. 449.
  • R. v. Horvath, [1979] 2 S.C.R. 376.
  • R. v. Hoilett (1999), 136 C.C.C. (3d) 449 (Ont. C.A.).
  • R. v. Latimer, [2001] 1 S.C.R. 3.
  • R. v. Oickle, [2000] 2 S.C.R. 3.
  • R. v. Osmar, [2007] O.J. No. 244 (Ont. C.A.).
  • R. v. Owen (1983), 4 C.C.C. (3d) 538 (N.S.S.C., App. Div.).
  • R. v. Morrisey, [2000] 2 S.C.R. 90.
  • R. v. Moore-McFarlane (2001), 56 O.R. (3d) 737 (Ont. C.A.).
  • R. v. Perka, [1984] 2 S.C.R. 232.
  • R. v. Precourt (1976), 18 O.R.(2d) 714 (Ont. C.A.).
  • R. v. Rainville, [2001] J. Q. No. 947.
  • R. v. Sabri (2002), 4 C.R. (6th) (Ont. C.A.).
  • R. v. Serack, [1974] 2 W.W.R. 377 (B.C.S.C.).
  • R. v. Singh, 2007 SCC 48.
  • R. v. Smith, [1987] 1 S.C.R. 1045.
  • R. v. Spencer, [2007] S.C.J. No. 11.
  • R. v. Starr, [2000] 2 S.C.R. 144.
  • R. v. Whittle, [1994] 2 S.C.R. 914.
  • R. v. Wiles, [2005] 3 S.C.R. 895.
  • Suresh v. Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration), [2002] 1 S.C.R. 3.

European Court of Human Rights:

  • A. v. United Kingdom (1999), 27 E.H.R.R. 611.
  • Aksoy v. Turkey (1997), 23 E.H.R.R. 553.
  • Akkoc v. Turkey, Appl. Nos. 22947/93, 22948/93 (10 October 2000).
  • Assenov and Others v. Bulgaria, Appl. No. 24760/94 (28 October 1998).
  • Aktas v. Turkey, App. No. 24351/94 (24 April 2003).
  • Aydin v. Turkey (1998), 25 E.H.R.R. 251.
  • East African Asians v. United Kingdom (1981), 3 E.H.R.R. 76.
  • The Greek Case 1969 (1972), 12 Y.B. Eur. Conv. H.R. 1.
  • Hauschildt v. Denmark, Appl. No. 10486/83 (24 May 1989).
  • Ilascu and Others v. Moldova and Russia, Appl. No. 48787/99 (8 July 2004).
  • Ireland v. United Kingdom, [1978] E.C.H.R. 1.
  • Iwanczuk v. Poland, Appl. No. 25196/94 (15 November 2001).
  • Jalloh v. Germany (2007), 44 E.H.R.R. 32.
  • Kalashnikov v. Russia, Appl. No. 47095/99 (15 July 2002).
  • Labita v. Italy, Appl. No. 26772/95 (6 April 2000).
  • Mathew v. The Netherlands, Appl. No. 24919/03 (29 September 2005).
  • Mikheyev v. Russia, Appl. No. 77617/01 (26 January 2006).
  • Öcalan v. Turkey, Appl. No. 46221/99 (12 May 2005).
  • Raninen v. Finland, Appl. No. 20972/92 (16 December 1997).
  • Ribitsch v. Austria, Appl. No. 18896/91 (4 December 1995).
  • Rozhkov v. Russia, Appl. No. 64140/00 (19 July 2007).
  • Salman v. Turkey, Appl. No. 21986/93 (27 June 2000).
  • Selmouni v. France (2000), 29 E.H.R.R. 403.
  • Tekin v. Turkey Appl. No. 22496/93 (9 June 1998).
  • Tomasi v. France (1993), 15 E.H.R.R. 1.
  • Tryer v. United Kingdom (1979-80), 2 E.H.R.R.1.
  • Valasinas v. Lithuania, Appl. No. 44558/98 (24 July 2001).

Inter-American Court of Human Rights:

  • Abella v. Argentina, (1997) Inter-Am. Ct H.R. Case No. 11.137, Report No. 5/97.
  • Loayza Tamayo Case, (1997) Inter-Am. Ct. H.R. (Ser. C). No. 33.
  • Velasquez Rodriguez Case, (1998) Inter-Am. Ct. H.R. (Ser. C). No. 4.

U.N. Human Rights Committee:

  • Concluding Observations of the Human Rights Committee : Israel, U.N. Doc. CCPR/C/79/Add.93 (1998).
  • El Megreisi v. Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, Communication No. 440/1990, U.N. Doc. CCPR/C/50/D/440/1990 (1994).
  • General Comment 20, Article 7, U.N. Doc. HRI\GEN\1\Rev.1 (1994).
  • General Comment 21, Article 10, U.N. Doc. HRI\GEN\1\Rev.1 11994).
  • Jensen v. Denmark, Communication No. 202/2002, U.N. Doc. CAT/C/32/D/202/2002 (2004).
  • Linton v. Jamaica, Communication No. 255/1987, U.N. Doc. CCPR/C/46/D/255/1987 (1992).
  • Muteba v. Zaire, Communication No. 124/1982, U.N. Doc. Supp. No. 40 (A/39/40) (1984).
  • Setelich v. Uruguay, Communication No. 63/1979, U.N. Doc. CCPR/C/OP/1 (1985).
  • Weinberger v. Uruguay, Communication No. R.7/28, U.N. Doc. Supp. No. 40 (A/36/40) (1981).

International Court of Justice:

  • Advisory Opinion on Legality of the Threat or Use of Nuclear Weapons, [1996] I.C.J. Rep. 288.
  • Advisory Opinion Legal Consequences of the Construction of a Wall in the Occupied Territory, [2004] I.C.J. General List No. 131.
  • Nicaragua Case, [1984] I.C.J. Rep. 392.

ICTR & ICTY:

  • Prosecutor v. Delalic et al., IT-96-21-T, First Trial Chamber Judgment (16 November 1998).
  • Prosecutor v. Furundzija, IT 95-17/1, Trial Chamber Judgment (10 December 1998).
  • Prosecutor v. Kvocka et al., IT-98-30/1, Trial Chamber Judgment (2 November 2001).
  • Prosecutor v. Kunarac, IT-96-23, Trial Chamber Judgment (22 February 2001)
  • Prosecutor v. Kunarac, IT-96-23, Appeals Chamber Judgment (12 June 2002).
  • Prosecutor v. Musema, ICTR-96-13-A, Trial Chamber I Judgment and Sentence (27 January 2000).

Other:

  • HCJ 5100/95 Public Committee Against Torture in Israel v. Israel [1999] IsrSC 53(4), reprinted in 38 I.L.M. 1471 (1999).
  • The Judgment Concerning the Interrogation Methods Implied by the GSS, Supreme Court of Israel, Sitting as the High Court of Justice, 6 September 1999.
  • R (Al-Jedda) v. Secretary of State for Defence, [2007] UKHL 58.

C. Academic Writing

  • Cohen, Barak "Democracy and the Mis-Rule of Law: The Israeli Legal System's Failure to Prevent Torture in the Occupied Territories" (2001) 12 Ind. Int'l & Comp. L. Rev. 75.
  • De Vos, Christian M. "Mind the Gap: Purpose, Pain, and the Difference Between Torture and Inhuman Treatment" (2006) 14 No. 2 Hum. Rights Brief 4.
  • Elsea, Jennifer K. Lawfulness of Interrogation Techniques Under the Geneva Conventions (8 September 2004) CSR Report for Congress RL32567.
  • Evans, Malcolm D. "Getting to Grips with Torture" (2005) 51 Int'l & Comp. L. Q. 365.
  • Evans, Malcolm D. & Morgan, Rod Preventing Torture: A Study of the European Convention for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (New York: Oxford University Press, 1998).
  • Garcia, Michael John "Interrogation of Detainees: Overview of the McCain Amendment" (23 October 2006) CRS Report for Congress RL33655.
  • Geiß, Robin "Name, Rank, Date of Birth, Serial Number and the Right to Remain Silent" (2005) 87 International Review of the Red Cross 721.
  • Glod, Stanley J. Lt., Smith, Lawrence J. Lt. "Interrogation Under the 1949 Prisoners of War Convention" (1968) Military Law Review 145.
  • Guiora, Amos N., Page, Erin M. "The Unholy Trinity: Intelligence, Interrogation and Torture" (2006) 37 Case W. Res. J. Int'l L. 427.
  • Heintze, Hans-Joachim "On the Relationship Between Human Rights Law Protection and International Humanitarian Law" (2004) 86 International Review of the Red Cross 789.
  • International Human Rights and International Criminal Law [2006] 100 Am. J. Int'l. L. 936.
  • Kageleiry, Peter, Maj. "Psychological Police Interrogation Methods: Pseudoscience in the Interrogation Room Obscures Justice in the Courtroom" (2007) 193 Military Law Review 1.
  • Kantwill, Paul L.Col., Holdaway, Jon D., Capt., Corn, Geoffrey "'Improving the Fighting Position': A Practitioner's Guide to Operational Law and Support to the Interrogation Process" (July 2005) The Army Lawyer 12.
  • Levie, H. "Prisoners of War in International Armed Conflict" (1977) 59 I.L.S 1.
  • Macdougall, Donald "Torture in Canadian Criminal Law" (2005) Criminal Reports (6th) 24.
  • Nowak, Manfred "What Practices Constitute Torture?: US and UN Standards" (2006) 28 HRQ 809.
  • O'Connell, Mary Ellen "Affirming the Ban on Harsh Interrogation" [2005] 66 Ohio St. L. J. 1231.
  • Odeshoo, Jason R. "Truth or Dare?: Terrorism and 'Truth Serum' in the Post-9/11 World" (2004) 57 Stan. L. Rev. 209.
  • Parry, John, T. "'Just for Fun': Understanding Torture and Understanding Abu Ghraib" (2005) 1 J. Nat'l Security L. & Pol'y 253.
  • Parry, John, T. "What Is Torture, Are We Doing It, And What If We Are?" (2003) 64 U. Pitt. L. Rev. 237.
  • Paust, Jordan J. "Executive Plans and Authorizations to Violate International Law Concerning Treatment and Interrogation of Detainees" [2005] 43 Colum. J. Transnat'l L. 817.
  • Posner, Eric A. & Vermeule, Adrian "Should Coercive Interrogation Be Legal?" (2006) 104 Mich. L. Rev. 671.
  • Reidy, Aisling "the Approach of the European Commission and Court of Human Rights to International Humanitarian Law" (1998) 324 International Review of the Red Cross 513.
  • Rodley, Nigel The Treatment of Prisoners Under International Law, 2nd ed. (New York: Oxford University Press, 1999).
  • Rona, Gabor "War, International Law, and Sovereignty: Reevaluating the Rules of the Game in a New Century: Legal Frameworks to Combat Terrorism" (2005) 5 Chi. J. Int'l L. 499.
  • Rubel, Jordana S. "A Missed Opportunity: The Ramifications of the Committee Against Torture's Failure to Adequately Address Israel's Ill-Treatment of Palestinian Detainees" (2006) 20 Emory Int'l L. Rev. 699.
  • Schabas, William A. "House of Lords Prohibits Use of Torture Evidence, but Fails to Condemn Its Use by the Police" (2007) 7 Int'l Crim. L. Rev. 133.
  • Schabas, William, A. "Lex Specialis? Belt and Suspenders? The Parallel Operation of Human Rights Law and the Law of Armed Conflict, and the Conundrum of Jus Ad Bellum" (2007) 40 Isr. L. Rev. 592.
  • Shany, Yuval "The Prohibition Against Torture and Cruel, Inhuman, and Degrading Treatment and Punishment: Can the Absolute be Relativized Under Existing International Law?" (2007) 56 Cath. U. L. Rev. 837.
  • Shelton, Dinah "The Boundaries of Human Rights Jurisdiction in Europe" 13 Duke J. of Comp. & Int'l L. 95.
  • Thompson, Sean Kevin "Note: The Legality of the Use of Psychiatric Neuroimaging in Intelligence Interrogation" (2005) 90 Cornell L. Rev. 1601.
  • Ulbrick, Trevor J. "Tortured Logic: The (Il)legality of United States Interrogation Practices in the War on Terror" (2005) 4 Nw. U. J. Int'l Hum. Rts. 210.
  • Wood, Lee "Overview and Analysis of Senate Amendment Concerning Interrogation of Detainees" (2 November 2005) CRS Report for Congress RS22312.

D. Reports/Doctrine

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