The Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) is modernizing its capability to defend against chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear (CBRN) threats and hazards to protect personnel and ensure that they can safely and successfully carry out missions. The Canada First Defence Strategy mandates the CAF to provide the Government of Canada with a joint force that defends the nation, delivers strategic effect and projects leadership abroad. And domestically, it directs the CAF to maintain the capacity to “assist civil authorities in responding to a wide variety of threats – from natural disasters to terrorist attacks.”
In the early 2000s, the CAF began to modernize all aspects of CBRN defence. The CBRN Defence Omnibus Project includes a group of projects that address CBRN defence capability deficiencies in a coordinated fashion. Delivery of a full CBRN defence capability to the CAF is expected in 2016.
Chemical defence capability is a critical operational requirement for the Canadian Armed Forces (CAF). The military is procuring a suite of modern chemical sensors capable of meeting current needs and flexible enough to adapt to future requirements. The CAF are replacing obsolete chemical agent monitors with a complete system of complementary sensors capable of detecting and identifying a wide range of chemical agents and toxic industrial chemicals, and automatically reporting alarms locally, as well as to existing and future command-and-control systems.
The system includes personal (attached to the user), handheld and fixed-site chemical agent detectors, as well as a portable chemical sampling and identification system, and a simulation-based training system.
The Respirator Project will replace the current respirator and canister with a newer generation respirator that incorporates the latest technology, reduces physiological and psychological stress and complies with recently-established higher NATO standards for respiratory protection. Respirators protect our soldiers against inhaled chemical, biological or radiological threat agents during missions in a contaminated environment.
The CAF are modernizing their decontamination capability for personnel, vehicles and other equipment. The CAF will acquire environmentally-friendly decontaminant that is effective against a wide range of chemical and biological hazards, as well as efficient, user-friendly equipment to apply the decontaminant.
The Vital Point Biological Agent Detection, Sampling and Identification (VP Bio Sentry) System can detect, sample, alarm for and identify airborne biological agents to protect military personnel and vital operational assets such as bases or naval ships. The Vital Point Biological Agent Detection, Sampling and Identification System provides significantly improved protection and safety for CAF personnel deployed to a theatre where the potential for biological warfare exists.
The Sensor Integration and Decision Support System will automatically collect, collate and interpret chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear sensor data, and share it in support of military operations. The system provides a unique, world-leading warning and reporting capability for chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear threats to all levels of command in near real time.
The Transportable Collective Protection System provides portable tent shelters to protect personnel in a chemical, biological or radiological threat environment by providing a safe environment for command and control, medical care, rest and recuperation. These systems eliminate the need for personnel to wear individual protective equipment while inside the shelters.
This system will include small, remotely-operated vehicles equipped with mobile sensors to collect and transmit chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear, meteorological and positional data, and video images. This capability will reduce the soldier’s risk of exposure to toxic agents since the analysis can be performed remotely, at a safe distance from the toxic threat.
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