Operation JADE

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Operation JADE is Canada’s contribution to the United Nations Truce Supervision Organization (UNTSO) in the Middle East.

Task Force Middle East

Task Force Middle East is the Canadian contingent in UNTSO. It comprises four officers who work as United Nations Military Observers (UNMOs) and, when requested by the UN, a senior officer who serves in one of several leadership positions in the region.

Operation JADE can employ officers of the Canadian Army, the Royal Canadian Navy and the Royal Canadian Air Force.

The UNMOs work with two of UNTSO’s Observer Groups : Observer Group Golan supports the United Nations Disengagement Observer Force (UNDOF) on the Golan Heights between Israel and Syria and Observer Group Lebanon supports the United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL).

The first Canadians to serve with UNTSO deployed in 1954, making Operation JADE Canada’s longest-running overseas commitment.

Mission context

United Nations Truce Supervision Organization

As of September 30, 2017, UNTSO employs 147 military observers from 25 countries.

UNTSO has its headquarters at Government House in Jerusalem and liaison offices in Beirut, Lebanon; Ismailia, Egypt; and Damascus, Syria. UNTSO supplies UNMOs to UNDOF in the Golan Heights, UNIFIL in Southern Lebanon, and to the Sinai Peninsula to maintain a UN presence in the region.

Origins of UNTSO

In November 1947, the UN General Assembly endorsed a plan for the partition of Palestine that would create separate Arab and Jewish states, leading to the proclamation of the State of Israel on 14 May 1948 and the immediate opening of hostilities against Israel by Palestinian Arabs and the neighbouring states of Egypt, Iraq, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Trans-Jordan and Yemen.

On 29 May 1948, the United Nations Security Council issued Resolution 50, calling for an immediate ceasefire and appointing a mediator, Count Folke Bernadotte of Wisborg, to negotiate a truce. Count Bernadotte was to be accompanied by a group of unarmed military observers, who would monitor compliance with the terms of the ceasefire. The first group of UNMOs arrived in the Middle East in June 1948, and UNTSO began to take shape.

 In August 1949, under the authority of UN Security Council Resolution 73, UNTSO’s tasks were aligned with the separate formal armistice agreements Israel entered into with its immediate neighbours: Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, and Syria.

External links

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