The Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) has deployed personnel in Central and Eastern Europe as part of NATO assurance and deterrence measures.

Operation REASSURANCE refers to the military activities undertaken by CAF to support NATO assurance and deterrence measures through the provision of military capabilities for training, exercises, demonstrations and assigned NATO tasks.

The CAF response in support of NATO’s request for enhanced assurance and deterrence measures promotes security and stability in Central and Eastern Europe, and demonstrates the readiness and professionalism of the CAF.

Attention: Update

From July 27 to 30, Her Majesty's Canadian Ship (HMCS) Charlottetown is participating in Exercise SEA BREEZE, which is an air, land, and maritime exercise designed to enhance maritime safety, security, and stability in the Black Sea. The exercise involves naval vessels from Canada, Poland, Romania, Turkey, Ukraine, and the United States.

From July 27 to August 7, 2016, approximately 40 Land Task Force (LTF) infanteers are participating in Exercise SABER GUARDIAN in Cincu, Romania. More than 2000 soldiers from 10 countries will take part in the exercise, which is designed to improve interoperability within a multinational brigade. The Canadian platoon will be integrated within a Romanian battalion.

The Task Force

Maritime Task Force

Maritime Task Force

Task Force Charlottetown

On June 29, 2016, Her Majesty’s Canadian Ship (HMCS) Charlottetown joined Standing NATO Maritime Group 2 (SNMG2), which is a multinational, integrated maritime force made up of vessels from various Allied countries. HMCS Charlottetown replaced HMCS Fredericton, which concluded a six-month deployment.

While deployed, HMCS Charlottetown will demonstrate Canada’s continued leadership on the world stage by making meaningful and enduring contributions to NATO counter-terrorism patrols and related activities.

HMCS Charlottetown began operations in the Black Sea on July 18, 2016. While operating in the Black Sea, HMCS Charlottetown will participate in two training exercises and conduct maritime situational awareness operations to enhance maritime security in the region. As part of its operations in the Black Sea, HMCS Charlottetown is also conducting a port visit to enhance diplomatic and defence relations with strategic partners.

From July 19 to 22, 2016 HMCS Charlottetown participated in Exercise SEA SHIELD 16, aimed at developing international cooperation in the Black Sea with NATO members and partner states, including Bulgaria, Poland, Romania, Spain, Turkey, Ukraine, Greece, and the United States. This exercise strengthened and developed common procedures for battle, including anti-submarine warfare.

HMCS Charlottetown is a Halifax-class frigate with a crew of approximately 250 personnel of all ranks, including a CH-124 Sea King helicopter and air detachment.

Land Task Force

Land Task Force

Throughout February 2016, approximately 220 Canadian Armed Forces members deployed to Poland in support of Operation REASSURANCE. The soldiers are primarily from 1st Battalion, Royal 22e Régiment, and from units within 5 Canadian Mechanized Brigade Group, based in Valcartier, QC. Some Reserve units also contributed soldiers to the Land Task Force. Throughout the next six months of their deployment, the contingent will participate in exercises which focus on developing better interoperability with NATO allies. The Land Task Force will participate in exercises in Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland and Romania. These exercises include:

  • Exercise ANAKONDA ( June 6 to 17, 2016): Approximately 170 Land Task Force members participated in Exercise ANAKONDA, a large-scale, multinational exercise in Poland. The Land Task Force practiced air-mobile assaults, urban combat operations and other conventional warfare skills alongside Polish, American and Turkish counterparts. The overall purpose of the exercise was to train, exercise and integrate Polish national command and force structures into an allied, joint, multinational environment.
  • Exercise HUNTER (May 9 to 19, 2016): Approximately 40 Land Task Force members participated in Exercise HUNTER in Pabrade, Lithuania. They participated alongside military personnel from Germany, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, the United Kingdom and the United States. The purpose of the exercise was to enhance the skills of anti-tank gunners and improve interoperability between allied militaries.
  • Exercise SPRING STORM (May 7 to 19, 2016): Four CAF snipers from the Land Task Force participated in Exercise SPRING STORM in Voru, Estonia. They participated alongside military personnel from Estonia, Finland, Germany, Latvia, Lithuania, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom and the United States. This multi-national exercise was an opportunity for Canadian snipers to enhance their specialized skills and mission preparedness.
  • Exercise SUMMER SHIELD (April 17 to 29, 2016): Approximately 40 members of the Land Task Force including signals and reconnaissance personnel along with engineers, snipers, and gunners participated in the multilateral exercise SUMMER SHIELD in Adazi , Latvia. Canada, Latvia, Lithuania and the United States conducted this exercise to improve the integration of support arms and combat service support to brigade and battalion defensive operations.
  • Exercise SCORPION FURY (April 7 to 20, 2016): Approximately 150 Land Task Force members participated in the multilateral exercise SCORPION FURY in Cincu, Romania. This military exercise, involving approximately 4,000 military personnel, provided Canadian soldiers the opportunity to improve interoperability with the Romanian Army in a conventional warfare context through simulated attacks and live combined arms fire.

Mission Context

  • 16 April 2014 – NATO agreed and began to implement a series of military measures to reinforce NATO’s collective defence and demonstrate the strength of allied solidarity. These measures are based on the principles of defence, deterrence and de-escalation.
  • 17 April 2014 – Canadian Armed Forces assets were offered to NATO as part of allied assurance measures.
  • 29 April 2014 – the CAF deployed an Air Task Force comprised of six CF-188 Hornets from 425 Tactical Fighter Squadron, based at 3 Wing Bagotville.
  • 30 April 2014 – HMCS Regina was committed to support NATO assurance measures.
  • 3 May 2014 – the CAF deployed a platoon-sized force to Eastern and Central Europe.
  • 13 May 2014 – HMCS Regina entered the Mediterranean Sea to conduct patrols in support of NATO assurance measures.
  • 19 December 2014 – Canadian Army soldiers completed their participation in multinational military training activities in Central and Eastern Europe between May and December 2014 and returned to Canada.
  • 31 December 2014 – ATF Lithuania completed its mission to provide enhanced air support to the 36th rotation of NATO Baltic Air Policing operations following a handover ceremony conducted on 31 December 2014 in Šiauliai, Lithuania. The BAP mission was handed over by Portugal and Canada to Italy and Poland respectively.
  • 6 January 2015 – HMCS Fredericton was transferred to NATO’s operational control and arrived in the Mediterranean Sea shortly after to join Standing NATO Maritime Group 2 (SNMG2) and conduct patrols in support of NATO assurance measures.
  • Early January 2015 – A small contingent of Canadian Army soldiers deployed to Germany to take part in a United States-led multinational exercise.
  • March 2015 – Additional Canadian Army soldiers from 3 Royal Canadian Regiment deployed to Central and Eastern Europe to continue multinational military training activities.
  • July 2015 – Canadian Army soldiers from the 3rd Battalion, Royal 22e Régiment (3 R22eR) deployed to Central and Eastern Europe to participate in military training activities.
  • 7 July 2015 – HMCS Winnipeg arrived in the Mediterranean Sea and replaced HMCS Fredericton of its duties alongside SNMG2 ships.
  • 8 January 2016 – HMCS Fredericton joined SNMG2, replacing HMCS Winnipeg.
  • February 2016 – Canadian Army soldiers from 5 Canadian Mechanized Brigade Group deployed to Poland to take over duties from 3 R22eR.
  • 12 February 2016 – HMCS Fredericton began patrols in the Aegean Sea with SNMG2.
  • 1 April 2016 – HMCS Fredericton began operations in the Black Sea with SNMG2 Task Unit 02.
  • 21 April 2016 – HMCS Fredericton concluded operations in the Black Sea.
  • 29 June 2016 – HMCS Charlottetown joined SNMG2, replacing HMCS Fredericton.
  • 18 July 2016 – HMCS Charlottetown began operations in the Black Sea.

Canada and NATO

Canada is a strong supporter of NATO and is committed to doing its part to support partner nations. The Canadian Armed Forces are committed to promoting global security and maintaining transatlantic partnerships by providing modern, deployable capabilities and highly trained personnel to allied efforts.

The CAF have been a major contributor to NATO operations and exercises since its founding 65 years ago and is committed to transatlantic unity, security, and stability. Canada continues to provide modern, deployable capabilities to allied missions and highly trained personnel to its command structure. In recent years, Canada has been an active participant in NATO-led missions in Afghanistan, the Balkans (Operation KOBOLD), and Libya (Operation MOBILE).

Past Deployments

Air Task Force

Air Task Force

Four CF-188 Hornet fighter aircraft, along with CAF personnel and other equipment, deployed in Central and Eastern Europe to maintain a Canadian presence in the region in support of NATO allies and partner nations.

NATO Baltic Air Policing mission

The Air Task Force (ATF) participated in the NATO Baltic Air Policing (BAP) mission from September to December 2014 and was based in Siauliai, Lithuania. ATF Lithuania included approximately 135 personnel, four CF-188 Hornet fighter jets along with a mission support element.

The BAP mission was handed over by Portugal and Canada to Italy and Poland respectively. Although Canada formally handed over its BAP mission responsibilities to Poland, the ATF continued to actively support BAP operations until 5 January 2015 to ensure continuity of operations and to support NATO allies and security partners in the interim transition period.

While participating in the BAP, the ATF worked with NATO allies and responded to any intrusions of Baltic air space. NATO’s Air Policing mission is purely defensive. It is not in response to any specific threat, but rather it is a routine and a fundamental component of how NATO provides security to its members. 

Air Task Force Romania

ATF Romania conducted interoperability training with NATO allies in Câmpia Turzii, Romania from May to August 2014. Personnel trained with allies in the areas of air defence, air superiority, aerospace testing and evaluation, and tactical support. The ATF included six CF-188 Hornet fighter aircraft and about 200 personnel.

Maritime Task Force

Maritime Task Force

Task Force Fredericton

HMCS Fredericton joined Standing NATO Maritime Group 2 (SNMG2) in the Mediterranean Sea on January 8, 2016. During its deployment, HMCS Fredericton contributed to SNMG2 patrols to promote stability in the region. This included patrolling the Aegean Sea from February 12, 2016 to March 31, 2016 to conduct surveillance, reconnaissance, and monitoring of migrant crossings in the Aegean in cooperation with relevant authorities.

From April 1 to 21, 2016, HMCS Fredericton led SNMG2 Task Unit 02, deployed to the Black Sea. During this time, HMCS Fredericton conducted operations in concert with Romanian frigate ROS Regina Maria and other allied ships from Bulgaria and Turkey. HMCS Fredericton returned to the Mediterranean Sea in early May where it rejoined its SNMG2 consorts. HMCS Fredericton was replaced by HMCS Charlottetown on June 29, 2016.

Task Force Winnipeg

HMCS Winnipeg joined Standing NATO Maritime Group 2 in the Eastern Atlantic Ocean on 7 July 2015 where she contributed to counter-terrorism patrols and related activities in the Mediterranean Sea alongside Standing NATO Maritime Group Two (SNMG2) ships. HMCS Winnipeg left SNMG2 and joined SNMG1 in late-August 2015 in order to attend the Defense & Security Equipment International (DSEI) 2015 exhibition in London, United Kingdom, in mid-September 2015.

Throughout the deployment, HMCS Winnipeg participated in a variety of training exercises with NATO forces including Exercise TRIDENT JUNCTURE 15, Exercise JOINT WARRIOR, and Exercise NORTHERN COAST 2015.

HMCS Winnipeg was the first HMC Ship to deploy an Enhanced Naval Boarding Party (ENBP) on an operational mission. HMCS Winnipeg was replaced by HMCS Fredericton on 8 January 2016.

Task Force Fredericton

HMCS Fredericton was transferred to NATO’s operational control on 6 January 2015 and arrived in the Mediterranean Sea shortly after where it was assigned to SNMG2. HMCS Fredericton was tasked with patrolling the Mediterranean Sea to help detect, deter and protect against terrorist activity.

SNMG2 comprised HMCS Fredericton, U.S. flagship USS Vicksburg (CG 69), Turkish ship TCG Turgutreis (F 241), German oiler FGS Spessart (A 1442), Italian ship ITS Aliseo (F 574) and Romanian ship ROS Regina Maria (F 222).

Throughout the deployment, HMCS Fredericton participated in a variety of training exercises with NATO and non-NATO forces including exercises in the Black Sea, Exercise JOINT WARRIOR, Exercise DYNAMIC MONGOOSE, and Exercise BALTOPS. These exercises developed maritime situational awareness and interoperability as well as particular skills such as Anti-Submarine Warfare tactics. HMCS Fredericton also conducted a number of port visits to enhance diplomatic and defence relations with strategic partners in the region. HMCS Fredericton was replaced by HMCS Winnipeg on 7 July 2015.

Task Force Toronto

HMCS Toronto departed from Halifax, Nova Scotia on 24 July 2014 and arrived in its area of operations in the Mediterranean Sea on 3 August 2014. HMCS Toronto participated in Operation ACTIVE ENDEAVOUR under SNMG2 in the Mediterranean Sea. The ship was tasked with locating, tracking, reporting and boarding vessels that are suspected of involvement in or support of terrorist activities in the Mediterranean Sea.

HMCS Toronto participated in various joint NATO training exercises, including Exercises NOBLE JUSTIFICATION, MAVI BALINA and a historic deployment to the Black Sea for Exercise SEA BREEZE. These joint NATO training exercises provided important opportunities to strengthen military-to-military and diplomatic relationships as well as promote shared security principles, defence professionalization and capacity building among the participating nations.

Task Force Regina

HMCS Regina left her home port of Esquimalt, British Columbia on 6 January 2014 and assumed duties in the Arabian Sea region on 15 February 2014 as part of Operation ARTEMIS. It served with the Combined Task Force 150 (CTF-150) and conducted counter-terrorism and maritime security operations until 30 April 2014, when it was committed to support NATO assurance measures in Europe. It was replaced by HMCS Toronto on 3 August 2014.

Land Task Force

Land Task Force

Between July 2015 and February 2016, soldiers from 5 Canadian Mechanized Brigade Group (5CMBG) – part of the 2nd Canadian Division –took part in a series of exercises which will allowed  the soldiers to achieve better interoperability with NATO allies, showcase their capabilities, and further develop their leadership abilities. These exercises included:

  • Exercise ALLIED SPIRIT IV (10 January - 5 February 2016) The CAF contingent had the unique experience of participating as a company in unified land operations amongst a multinational brigade in Hohenfels, Germany.
  • Exercise IRON SWORD (9-20 November 2015) A reconnaissance team and sniper detachment, joined approximately 1700 soldiers from the Czech Republic, Georgia, Germany, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, United Kingdom, and United States for the joint operational exercise in Nemencine, Lithuania.
  • JOINTEX 15 (21 October - 6 November 2015) A biennial Canadian exercise and a keystone for Canadian Armed Forces posture and readiness activity aimed at enhancing operational mission preparedness. Part of NATO’s Trident Juncture 15.
  • Exercise DRAGON (13-23 October 2015) A small contingent of the Land Task Force participated with approximately 7000 soldiers in the Polish Army-led exercise, including 900 NATO allies in Poland.
  • Exercise SILVER ARROW (15-30 September 2015) A multi-national exercise designed to improve command and control, coordination and mutual support procedures during operations took place at the Adazi military base in Kadaga, Latvia.
  • Exercise ALLIED SPIRIT II (4-24 August 2015) An exercise with forces from the Czech Republic, Georgia, Ireland, Italy, Serbia, the United Kingdom, and the United States at the Joint Multinational Readiness Center in Hohenfels, Germany.

Soldiers from the 3rd Battalion, Royal Canadian Regiment (3 RCR), deployed to Eastern and Central Europe to participate in NATO training between January and July 2015, including:

  • Exercise LANCER STRIKE (15-29 June 2015), an exercise with the Polish 25th Air Cavalry Brigade to enhance the interoperability of Canadian and Polish Forces.
  • Exercise SARMIS (15 May – 6 June 2015), a multinational exercise consisting of computer-simulated and field training scenarios in Cincu, Romania.
  • Exercise MOUNTAIN WARRIOR (1-30 April 2015) with Poland’s 25th Air Cavalry Brigade Reconnaissance Company in Trzclaniec, Poland.
  • Exercise SUMMER SHIELD (22-31 March 2015), a multinational exercise with over 1,100 NATO troops at Camp Adazi near Riga, Latvia.
  • Exercise ALLIED SPIRIT (16-28 January 2015), a US-led exercise alongside the Netherlands, Hungary, and Britain at the Hohenfels Training Area in Germany.

Soldiers from the Canadian Army deployed to Eastern and Central Europe to take part in a variety of training exercises between May and December 2014, including:

  • Winter warfare training (8-12 December 2014) with US 1st Squadron, 1st Cavalry Regiment in Lithuania.
  • Exercise FALCON (21-26 November 2014), an airmobile exercise with Polish soldiers of the 7th Battalion, 25th Air Cavalry Brigade in Nowa Deba, Poland.
  • Exercise IRON SWORD (13 – 15 October and 2-14 November) in Vilnius, Lithuania.
  • Exercise COMBINED RESOLVE III (16 September-12 November 2014), a U.S. Army Europe-led multinational exercise at the Joint Multinational Training Command's Hohenfels and Grafenwoehr Training Areas in Germany.
  • Exercise ANAKONDA (24 September-3 October 2014), a Polish Armed Forces-led joint exercise that involved nearly 12,500 personnel throughout Poland’s training areas.
  • Exercise STEADFAST JAVELIN II (2-8 September 2014) that took place in five European nations: Germany, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland.
  • Exercise GNIEZNO (2-6 July 2014), a Canadian-led exercise, partnered with Polish troops, aimed at conducting a parachute insertion followed by a reserve demolition guard at secured bridge sites.
  • Exercise PEGASUS KORSARZ (23-27 June 2014), conducted in the Drawsko-Pomorski training area of Poland and focused on close-quarters battle training in urban settings.
  • Exercise SABRE STRIKE (9-20 June 2014), a longstanding American-led training exercise that included about 2,000 participants and focused on command and control and interoperability.
  • Exercise ORZEL ALERT (5-9 May 2014) that took place in Western Poland and involved airborne operations and infantry skills.

Image gallery - Air Task Force


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