CDS Directive for Integrating UNSCR 1325 and Related Resolutions into CAF Planning and Operations

January 2016

Distribution List

References: 

  1. United Nations Security Council Resolution (UNSCR) 1325 on Women, Peace and Security dated 31 Oct 2000, and related resolutions 1820, 1888, 1889, 1960, 2122, and 2242
  2. Canada’s National Action Plan on the Implementation of UNSCR 1325 and Related Resolutions (CNAP)
  3. NATO Bi-Strategic Command (Bi-SC) Directive 40-1, Integrating UNSCR 1325 and Gender Perspective into the NATO Command Structure, August 2012
  4. Revised NATO/Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council (EAPC) Policy for the Implementation of UNSCR 1325 on Women, Peace and Security and Related Resolutions, 1 April 2014
  5. Implementing UNSCR 1325 in Capacity-Building Missions: a study of NTM-Afghanistan, EUTM Somalia, and EUTM Mali: www.foi.se/report?rNo=FOI-R--3925--SE
  6. Review of the Practical Implication of UNSCR 1325 for the Conduct of NATO-led Operations and Missions: Executive Summary: www.nato.int/nato_static_fl2014/assets/pdf/pdf_2013_10/20131021_131023-UNSCR1325_Practical_Implications_EN.pdf
  7. Status of Women Canada: Introduction to Gender-based Analysis Plus (GBA+): www.swc-cfc.gc.ca/gba-acs/intro-en.html
  8. NATO Joint Advanced Distributed Learning (JADL) e-Learning Programme Management System: https://jadl.act.nato.int/index.html
  9. CDS CF Collective Training Standing Guidance dated 22 Jan 2009
  10. CDS Op Order – Op HONOUR dated 14 August 2015

Situation

  1. General. United Nations Security Council Resolution (UNSCR) 1325 was approved by the UN in 2000 and was the first instrument to deal exclusively with women in situations of armed conflict, acknowledging that such conflicts have a differential impact on men, women, girls, and boys. It further noted that planning for and addressing these differential impacts would enhance conflict prevention and resolution efforts, as well as the effectiveness of UN peace support or peacekeeping missions. UNSCR 1325 was followed by a number of related resolutions, as outlined at Reference A, which taken together outline four key pillars of the Women, Peace and Security (WPS) initiative:  
    1. Prevention: requires the integration of a perspective that accounts for the differential experiences of men and women, boys and girls in conflict situations into all conflict prevention and resolution strategies and activities. This pillar also requires the strengthening of efforts to prevent violence, including sexual violence, against civilian populations, particularly women and girls, in peace operations, fragile states and conflict-affected situations;
    2. Participation: advocates for the active and meaningful participation and representation of women and local women’s groups in peace and security activities, including peace processes, as well as greater participation by women in peace operations as soldiers, police, and civilian representatives;
    3. Protection: is intended to promote the safety and security of populations at risk in armed conflicts and humanitarian and emergency situations, requiring they be protected from violence. It incorporates a requirement to promote and protect the human rights, safety, and security of women and girls. The protection of populations at risk also encompasses the prevention of conflict-related Sexual and Gender-Based Violence (SGBV), as well as safeguarding against Sexual Exploitation and Abuse (SEA) by coalition forces. Such protection extends to all people, as not only women and girls can be subject to SGBV or SEA; and
    4. Relief and Recovery: promoting and working to ensure women’s equal access to humanitarian and development assistance, promoting aid services that support all populations at risk as well as the specific needs and capacities of women and girls in all relief and recovery efforts.
  2. A critical point to draw from the pillars above is, the title of the WPS initiative notwithstanding, it does not seek to address issues solely related to women and girls. While there are numerous linkages to issues of diversity and gender equality, the scope of the initiative is broader, calling on nations to consider the impact of armed conflict on populations at risk and acknowledge that those impacts may affect men, women, girls, and boys differently. Recognizing these differences and adapting actions to account for them is known as applying “gender perspectives” to operations, policies and programs (further definitions are available at Annex A). From a military aspect, the UNSCRs note that these considerations, or gender perspectives, must be incorporated into the planning and execution of military operations, and that nations have a responsibility to protect populations at risk during armed conflicts.
  3. NATO has issued policy and direction for the integration of gender perspectives into the NATO Force Structure and within NATO-led operations (References C and D). That direction echoes the UNSCRs’ call for greater integration of gender perspectives, and reiterates that armed conflicts and natural disasters affect men, women, boys and girls in different ways. NATO’s guidance further acknowledges that gender dimensions encompass and extend beyond “Women, Peace and Security” into broader considerations concerning the vulnerable components of whole populations.
  4. NATO’s approach to implementing UNSCR 1325 and gender perspectives calls for the creation of Gender Advisor (GENAD) positions at the operational and strategic levels, where they serve as specialist advisors for the Commanders responsible for the overall integration of gender perspectives into military planning, execution and evaluation. These GENAD positions are supported by Gender Focal Points (GFP) within strategic/ operational headquarters or within tactical units; GFP are sourced from within those organizations and receive additional training to enable them to assist HQ staff and the GENAD in supporting Command efforts to integrate gender perspectives. NATO also identifies Gender Field Advisors (GFA), who would be deployed at the operational or tactical level to conduct gender analysis in a given area of operations and ensure that a commander’s intent and execution of tasks will be aligned with UN and NATO direction. More detailed definitions are available at Annex A, as well as in Reference C, however these are not be assumed to mean that the CAF will employ these same terms.
  5.  As UN and NATO operations have evolved over the past decades, the protection of civilians has received greater attention, particularly in UN peace operations, which are conducted in increasingly complex environments. Protection of civilians is now at the heart of most UN mandates and though these issues are dealt with by separate UN Security Council resolutions, they are related to the incorporation of gender perspectives into operations.
  6. Both organizations, along with the European Union (EU) (led by Sweden) have conducted research and analysis regarding the application of gender perspectives in their responses to armed conflict, and in the areas of conflict prevention and capacity-building. References E and F represent examples of that research and provide a general overview of both the extant challenges and the potential benefits of incorporating gender perspectives into military operations.
  7. Government of Canada (GoC) Departmental Responsibilities: Canada’s National Action Plan. Canada is committed to the effective implementation of all of these resolutions as part of a broader commitment to the protection of civilians, particularly children, in armed conflict. The UN Secretary-General, in relation to UNSCR 1325, requested that Member States develop their own national implementation plans, which Canada has pursued in the 2009 National Action Plan (CNAP) at Reference B. In CNAP, Canada also committed to integrate gender perspectives across all government departments by assessing the implications for women and men, girls and boys of any planned action, including the design of policies associated with peace operations, fragile states and conflict-affected situations.
  8. CNAP directs all government departments to implement the WPS initiative and to report their progress. Global Affairs Canada (GAC) is the lead department for the development of CNAP, the tabling of annual reports to Parliament, the release of the reports to the public, and the evolution of those reports. The DND/CAF provide updates to GAC for incorporation into these reports in May of each year. GAC, the RCMP, and DND/CAF also meet twice per year with civil society to discuss progress on the plan, in line with the indicators established for measuring progress. DND/CAF is highlighted in CNAP as having a key role to play in advancing those indicators and ensuring that Canada’s commitments under CNAP are met.
  9. Gender Based Analysis+ (GBA+).  In 1995, in accordance with obligations under the UN Beijing Platform for Action, the GoC committed to conducting Gender-based Analysis (GBA) on all future legislation, policies and programs. GBA, now referred to within the GoC as “GBA+,” is an analytical competency used to assess the potential impacts of policies, programs, services, and other initiatives on diverse groups of women and men, taking into account gender and other identity factors. The "plus" in the name highlights that GBA goes beyond gender, and includes the examination of a range of other intersecting identity factors (such as age, education, language, geography, culture and income).  In Canada, the incorporation of gender perspectives and/or “gender mainstreaming” is carried out through the commitment to GBA+. This commitment has recently been reiterated by the incoming government. Status of Women Canada (SWC) is the centre of expertise and the lead for the implementation of GBA+ across government. SWC’s “Introduction to GBA+” online training course is available to all federal officials on the SWC website at Reference G.
  10. The CAF has a responsibility to integrate the guidance provided from the UNSCRs, the CNAP, and GoC direction on GBA+ into its operational planning, conduct of missions, and across its institutions. This will also serve to align CAF processes and procedures with those of NATO, and ensure that the moral and ethical obligations to protect populations at risk during armed conflict or humanitarian disasters are addressed. While UNSCR 1325 is titled “Women, Peace, and Security”, it must be understood that the initiative represents a far broader effort to ensure that the differential impacts armed conflicts and humanitarian disasters can have on men, women, boys, and girls are considered when implementing CAF policies and programs, and particularly for military operations. Integration of GBA+ into CAF planning and execution of operations, including incorporation as part of the Operational Planning Process (OPP), is a means of improving operational effectiveness. The relevance of doing so has been studied during recent NATO experiences in Afghanistan and Kosovo, as well as in ongoing UN peace support and peacekeeping operations around the globe; examples of these reports are available at References E and F.
  11. Notwithstanding the above, achieving full integration of UNSCR 1325 considerations across all aspects of CAF policy and programs will require time and further analysis to ensure second and third order effects are considered and addressed. This CDS Directive focuses on the essential initial steps required to begin the process of incorporating GBA+ into CAF by first addressing immediate issues related to enhancing operational effectiveness and ensuring planners and deployed personnel receive the training required to put WPS principles into practice. It provides direction on developing the framework to achieve the overarching goal to integrate GBA+ across the CAF: that is, to integrate GBA+ to the degree that it is always considered as an essential and integral element of all CAF activities.

Mission

  1. The CAF will fully integrate the requirements of Canada’s National Action Plan on the Implementation of UNSCR 1325 and related resolutions, and GoC direction on GBA+, into CAF planning and operations by 31 Aug 17, and into the wider CAF institution by 31 Mar 19. 

Execution

  1. CDS Initial Intent. The CAF, by integrating the requirements of CNAP, UNSCR 1325, and related resolutions in line with GoC and NATO direction, will initially improve its ability to deliver operational effect and, as the initiative is introduced into wider CAF policy and procedures, increase institutional excellence. The initial focus will be the integration of these considerations into the design and delivery of operational effect, which will be enabled by establishing GENAD positions to the CDS, Comd CJOC, and Comd CANSOFCOM in Annual Posting Season (APS) 16, as well as incorporating GBA+ into CAF training and education for strategic and operational planning. Concurrently, a framework will be developed, led by the SJS in close cooperation with CMP, to integrate GBA+ across CAF institutions. The desired end-state for this effort is having GBA+ fully integrated into CAF operations and institutions, to the extent that such considerations are a routine part of all activities, policies, and programs across CAF operations.
  2. Concept of Operations. Fully integrating UNSCR 1325 and related resolutions will contribute to operational excellence on the part of the CAF. This effort is also the gateway to developing CAF capability to address a range of challenges in the operational environment. These include the prevention of SGBV, the protection of civilians, and the prevention of SEA. The integration of UNSCR 1325 and related resolutions will be achieved utilising two Lines of Effort (LoE):
    1. LoE 1: Operational Effects. The incorporation of GBA+ into military planning and operations, including related education and training. An essential element of this LoE is analysing, clarifying and issuing legal and policy guidance related to SGBV, SEA, and protection of civilians to support future operations. Such guidance should also be incorporated into Theater and standing Rules of Engagement (RoE), as well as medical RoE considerations; and
    2. LoE 2: Institutional Effects. The embedding of the requirements of UNSCR 1325 and related resolutions into the CAF approach to command and control, leadership, and management, including but not limited to education, training, policy, programs, materiel acquisition and infrastructure.
  3. The initial tasks assigned in this Directive will focus primarily on LoE 1, ensuring that GBA+ is rapidly incorporated into CAF planning and operations, including the appointment of GENADs, establishing the necessary legal and policy frameworks linked to UNSCR 1325 and related resolutions, and ensuring the necessary preparation and support of CAF personnel planning for and assigned to future missions. However, LoE 2 will also be advanced by the SJS in close cooperation with CMP, through the coordination of longer-term efforts to fully integrate the WPS initiative throughout CAF operations and institutions. 
  4. End State. The requirements of UNSCR 1325, related resolutions, and CNAP are fully implemented and integrated across all CAF operations and institutions, such that GBA+ is incorporated as a routine and common element of all CAF activities, policies, education, professional development, and programs.
  5. Tasks:
    1. Common to all CAF L1 organizations:
      1. Through the training available at Reference G, until more CAF-specific training is developed, ensure GBA+ is considered and incorporated into all new L1 policies and corporate documents, including Memoranda to Cabinet (MC) and Treasury Board (TB) submissions. This will entail identifying personnel within L1 organizations to undertake the training, as detailed in paragraph 18.b. and implement the related analyses;
      2. In concert with task 17.a.(1), develop a strategy and transition plan for incorporating GBA+ into all existing L1 policy and corporate documents, such as during the normal review, update, and revision processes of these documents;
      3. Be prepared to (BPT) participate in the UNSCR 1325 Implementation Working Group (UIWG), which will be established by the SJS and led by the GENAD to the CDS, in order to integrate GBA+ into CAF operational and institutional culture;
      4. Support CJOC in the incorporation of GBA+ into CAF joint doctrine, including operational planning. Issues related to the  protection of civilians should also be considered; and
      5. Support CMPC/MPG in identifying respective training requirements, and developing the required training and education programs.
    2. ADM(HR-Civ):
      1. Create a civilian Full Time Equivalent (FTE) position for the GENAD to the CDS, embedded in the SJS, to be filled no later than (NLT) 31 August 2016, based on the work description and other required information provided by the SJS. This position is to be established at the EX level given the considerable scope of responsibility and routine high-level coordination which will be required;  
      2. Create a civilian FTE position for a desk officer, embedded in the SJS, to support the GENAD to the CDS, based on the work description and other required information provided by the SJS; and
      3. BPT participate in the UNSCR 1325 Implementation Working Group, which will be established by the SJS and led by the GENAD to the CDS, in order to integrate GBA+ into CAF operational and institutional culture.
    3. VCDS:
      1. Create establishment positions for the GENAD to Comd CJOC and Comd CANSOFCOM, as well as a military advisor to the GENAD to the CDS, all to be filled NLT APS 16. These positions are to be established at the  LCol/Cdr (for Comd CJOC and military advisor to the GENAD to the CDS) and Major/LCdr (for Comd CANSOFCOM) ranks;
      2. In conjunction with SJS, CJOC, and CANSOFCOM, work with DGMC to identify an appropriate list of candidates for consideration for these positions, based on Terms of Reference (ToRs) and position requirements developed by the SJS, CJOC, and CANSOFCOM; and
      3. Consult with the SJS regarding provision of FTE for an administrative assistant (AA) to support the GENAD to the CDS, or if support can be provided by sharing existing administrative resources within the SJS.
    4. SJS:
      1. Develop an appropriate work description and position requirements for the civilian GENAD to the CDS, focused on developing a framework to integrate GBA+ and fully implement UNSCR 1325 across all CAF activities and planning processes, including the development of operational plans. This work description and position requirements are to be provided to ADM(HR-Civ) as soon as possible; 
      2. In consultation with ADM(HR-Civ), pursue the established staffing process to identify and select a GENAD to the CDS;
      3. Develop ToRs and position requirements for the military advisor to the GENAD to the CDS. These ToRs and position requirements are to be provided to VCDS/DGMC as soon as possible to enable identification and selection of an appropriate candidate for APS 16;
      4. Coordinate all necessary training for the GENAD to the CDS and the military advisor to the GENAD;
      5. Establish a UNSCR 1325 Implementation Working Group (UIWG), chaired by CDS’ GENAD once in place, to fully develop the campaign to integrate UNSCR 1325 and related resolutions, and thereafter meet quarterly to monitor progress towards integrating GBA+ into CAF institutions and operations.  The key deliverable of this WG is a framework for achieving the desired end state of fully implementing and integrating CNAP, GoC direction on GBA+, and UNSCR 1325 and related resolutions into CAF operations, activities, policies, and programs. This framework is to encompass all aspects of service within the military, including but not limited to personnel policy, recruitment and retention, procurement of equipment and CAF-sponsored research.  The framework shall  mesh appropriately with DND/CAF policy on diversity and shall include the development of appropriate measures enabling progress to be monitored, incorporated with existing processes where possible;
      6. Work with ADM(PA) to develop and implement a CAF strategic communications plan to enhance understanding and awareness of UNSCR 1325 and related resolutions, GBA+, and the WPS initiative. A key deliverable will be efforts to highlight the need to, and steps undertaken to,  integrate GBA+ into planning and conducting military operations;
      7. Incorporate GBA+ in strategic-level planning processes for the conduct of operations and missions, including the drafting of CDS’ strategic guidance, and work with ADMs and all L1s to ensure these perspectives are further integrated into overall CAF strategic planning;
      8. Develop and incorporate gender perspectives, potentially via a specific annex, into all strategic orders and plans, outlining gender considerations in accordance with (IAW) UNSCR 1325 and related resolutions relevant to the missions being assigned. This information is to include, but not be limited to, strategic guidance on expected actions of CAF personnel when confronted with SGBV or SEA on operations, and address issues related to populations at risk among others;
      9. Support CMPC/MPG in analysing requirements for “Train the Trainer” GBA+ and GENAD education and training. Until such time as CAF-specific training can be developed and incorporated into military education processes, consider an alternative source to provide the training; and
      10. Support CJOC in the incorporation of GBA+ into CAF joint doctrine, including operational planning and protection of civilians.
    5. ADM Pol:
      1. Develop appropriate strategic policy guidance for DND/CAF on the WPS initiative and related work on GBA+ and the protection of “at risk” populations, including as part of the upcoming defence policy review; and
      2. Support SJS,CJOC, and Comd CANSOFCOM in developing ToRs for their respective GENAD positions.
    6. CMP:
      1. Coordinate the provision of suitable candidate files, based on ToRs and position requirements, from DGMC to VCDS/ SJS/CJOC/CANSOFCOM for consideration for filling the military advisor to the CDS’ GENAD, and the GENAD at CJOC and CANSOFCOM, positions by APS 16;
      2. Assess existing GBA+ training programs and, if necessary, develop a CAF-specific GBA+ framework, guides and tools, and scope the requirement for training;
      3. Assess and further build on professional military education and training programs for CAF personnel to enhance staff competence and understanding of the WPS initiative and GBA+.  A key component of this task is developing or sourcing national capacity to train CAF GENAD and staff planners/analysts, which will require a needs analysis to determine most appropriate method to deliver “Train the Trainer” and GENAD courses;
      4. BPT participate in the UIWG and make recommendations on topics including, but not limited to, recruiting, diversity, and personnel management for incorporation into the planning framework developed and pursued by the UIWG; and
      5. Assign CMPC/MPG to support SJS, CJOC, and CANSOFCOM in the provision of required training for identified Gender Advisors and supporting planners/analysts (GFP in NATO parlance) prior to APS 16.
    7. JAG:
      1. Support ADM(Pol), the SJS, CJOC, and CANSOFCOM in developing policy guidance for CAF personnel on operations related to the protection of civilians under UNSCR 1325 and related resolutions.
    8. CJOC:
      1. In consultation with SJS, develop appropriate ToRs and position requirements for the GENAD to Comd CJOC at the LCol/Cdr rank, focused on the integration of GBA+ and the implementation of UNSCR 1325 across all CJOC planning and execution of CAF operations, including as part of the Operational Planning Process (OPP). These ToRs and position requirements are to be developed in consultation with the SJS to ensure commonality with the GENAD to the CDS and be provided to VCDS / DGMC as soon as possible to enable identification of appropriate candidates for APS 16;
      2. Select, from the candidate list supplied by DGMC, a GENAD to Comd CJOC and coordinate the necessary training for that individual;
      3. Identify key personnel across CJOC staff to receive GBA+ training, as coordinated with CMPC/MPG, to enable CJOC staff to integrate GBA+ and the principles of UNSCR 1325 into operational planning and execution. Pursue deployment opportunities of Canadian GENAD/GFA to national and international exercises and missions in order to effect an expeditious increase of organizational knowledge on real-time application of gender perspectives in operations;
      4. Incorporate NATO and UN codes of conduct as appropriate into the planning process for related operations, particularly UN prohibition on SEA by coalition forces IAW UNSCRs;
      5. Incorporate GBA+ into the design and delivery of all CAF Tier One, Two, and Three exercises IAW Reference I. This shall include, but not be limited to, ensuring a portion of exercise vignettes involve gender considerations and related issues, incorporating GBA+ into exercise headquarters’ staff activities and processes, and ensuring HQ staff with appropriate training are available to support GBA+ efforts;
      6. Supported by the SJS, the GENAD to the CDS, the UNSCR 1325 Implementation Working Group, and other CAF L1 organizations, coordinate the incorporation of GBA+ into CAF joint doctrine, including OPP and the protection of civilians; and
      7. Develop and incorporate gender considerations into all operations orders and plans, as outlined IAW UNSCR 1325 and related resolutions, relevant to the area of operations. Specific instructions, guidance, and reporting requirements are to be further detailed as necessary in annexes to ensure actions are linked with related issues. Consideration shall be given to incorporating specific annexes/appendixes, where required, detailing GBA+ factors. Such direction should include, but not be limited to, guidance on expected actions of CAF personnel when confronted with SGBV or SEA on operations, and address issues related to populations at risk.  Actions in response to SGBV or SEA should also be addressed in Theater or Standing RoE and included in medical RoE considerations.
    9. CANSOFCOM:
      1. In consultation with SJS, develop appropriate ToRs and position requirements for the GENAD to Comd CANSOFCOM at the Maj/LCdr rank, focused on the integration of GBA+ and the implementation of UNSCR 1325 across all CANSOFCOM planning and execution of operations, including as part of the Operational Planning Process (OPP). These ToRs and position requirements are to be developed in consultation with the SJS to ensure commonality with the GENAD to the CDS and Comd CJOC, and be provided to VCDS / DGMC as soon as possible to enable identification of appropriate candidates for APS 16;
      2. Select, from the candidate list supplied by DGMC, a GENAD to Comd CANSOFCOM and coordinate the necessary training for that individual; and
      3. Identify key personnel across CANSOFCOM to receive GBA+ training, as coordinated with CMPC/MPG, to enable CANSOFCOM staff to support Comd CANSOFCOM in integrating GBA+ and the principles of UNSCR 1325 and related resolutions into operational planning and execution.
    10. Force Generators:
      1. With the advice of CDS’ GENAD, be prepared to incorporate GBA+ instruction into pre-deployment training on operations by 31 Aug 16. This will involve identifying the appropriate deploying personnel to receive GBA+ training in order to support advice to tactical level commanders and coordinate, where necessary, with the CJOC and/or CANSOFCOM GENAD and related planners/analysts;
      2. Support CJOC, where appropriate, in incorporating GBA+ into the design and delivery of all CAF Tier One, Two, and Three exercises IAW Reference I. This shall include, but not be limited to, ensuring a portion of exercise vignettes involve gender considerations and related issues, incorporating GBA+ into exercise headquarters’ staff activities and processes, and ensuring HQ staff with appropriate training are available to support GBA+ efforts; and
      3. In consultation with CMPC/MPG and CJOC, ensure that GBA+ planning factors are incorporated into environment-specific pre-deployment training, operational planning and doctrine.
    11. ADM PA:
      1. In concert with SJS, develop and implement a CAF strategic communications plan, including Media Response Lines (MRLs) to enhance understanding and awareness, both internally and externally to the CAF, of UNSCR 1325 and related resolutions, GBA+, and the WPS initiative. A key deliverable will be efforts to highlight the need to, and steps undertaken to, integrate GBA+ into planning and conducting military operations.
  6. Coordinating Instructions:
    1. Key Timings:
      1. By 31 Aug 16:
        1. SJS confirms that GENADs to CDS, Comd CJOC, and Comd CANSOFCOM are established, trained, and have received approved Terms of Reference;
        2. Staff planners/ advisors within CJOC and CANSOFCOM are identified and trained to support their Commanders in incorporating GBA+ into planning and operations, and to liaise with the GENAD to the CDS, Comd CJOC, and Comd CANSOFCOM where necessary;
        3. The UNSCR 1325 Working Group has convened with established Terms of Reference, and has progressed development of a framework to integrate GBA+ and fully implement UNSCR 1325 and related resolutions;
        4. CAF communications plan regarding integration of UNSCR 1325 and related resolutions into CAF planning and operations is briefed to Defence Management Committee (DMC) and approved for implementation;
        5. GBA+ is incorporated into strategic and operational-level orders and plans; and
        6. Personnel within CAF L1 organizations to conduct GBA+ of new L1 policies and corporate documents have been identified and received training IAW paragraph 18.b.(4).

      2. By 31 Dec 16:

        1. Framework to integrate GBA+ and fully implement CNAP, UNSCR 1325 and related resolutions is briefed to Armed Forces Council Executive (AFC-X) and related direction and guidance for implementation is released; and
        2. CAF-specific GBA+ professional military education and training programs, where appropriate, are identified and interim curriculum is in place.
      3. By 31 Aug 17: All remaining tasks assigned in paragraph 17 are complete, including incorporation of GBA+ into CAF joint doctrine and implementation of final curriculums for CAF-specific GBA+ training; and
      4. By 31 Mar 19: Through the framework developed and executed by the UIWG, the requirements of CNAP, UNSCR 1325, and related resolutions are fully implemented and integrated across all CAF operations and institutions, such that GBA+ is incorporated as a routine and common element of all CAF activities, policies, education, professional development, and programs.
    2. Training Requirements: Until CAF-specific training modules and programs are developed and implemented, where necessary, by CMPC/MPG, the following training requirements shall be met:
      1. Initial baseline training for GENAD to CDS, Comd CJOC, and Comd CANSOFCOM, and the provision of GBA+ instruction to staff planners/analysts are to utilize existing training packages available from NATO, the Nordic Centre for Gender in Military Operations, and Status of Women Canada (SWC);
      2. GENAD to CDS, Comd CJOC, and CANSOFCOM shall complete the SWC GBA+ online course, and NATO distance-learning courses, available at Reference H: ADL 135 Gender Perspectives, ADL 168 Role of GENAD and GFA in Operations, and ADL 169 Improving Operational Effectiveness by Integrating Gender Perspective. The SJS, CJOC, and CANSOFCOM shall also investigate opportunities for respective GENAD to attend the Nordic Centre for Gender in Military Operations Gender Advisor course (ACT 493);
      3. Personnel in SJS, CJOC, and CANSOFCOM identified as supporting their respective Commanders in integrating GBA+ into operations and planning shall complete the SWC GBA+ online course and NATO distance learning courses ADL 135 Gender Perspectives and ADL 171 Gender Focal Point; and
      4. Personnel within CAF L1 organizations identified for conducting GBA+  of policy  and corporate documents (IAW para 17.a.(1) and (2)) shall, at a minimum, undertake the SWC GBA+ online course available at Reference G.
    3. Public Affairs Posture: upon approval of the strategic communications plan IAW para 18.a.(1)(d), the public affairs posture will be active in an efforts to communicate both the importance of this initiative and to educate both internal CAF and external audiences regarding the implications of UNSCR 1325 and related resolutions.

Concept of Support

  1.  Finance: Working group activities and follow-up costs to support this Directive will be absorbed by each member's organization. Financial pressure should be reported by each organization through the financial review process. Future guidance will be provided where necessary as the framework to fully implement CNAP, GoC direction on GBA+, and UNSCR 1325 and related resolutions is developed.  

Command

  1. Supported Commander. CDS.
  2. Supporting Commanders and Group Principals: All ADMs and all L1s.
  3. Points of Contact:
    1. SJS:
      1. SJS DOS, MGen C.A. Lamarre, 992-3355;
      2. DGSI, Mr. G. Smolynec, 995-3653; and
      3. Cdr M. Bowen, DGSI Coord, 947-9603.
    2. ADM(HR-Civ):
      1. HR Advisor, Chantal Randell, 998-4802.
    3. ADM Pol:
      1. Deputy Director D Pol Dev, Julia Aceti, 992-3388; and
      2. DPK Pol 5, LCol Unterganschnigg, 995-6062.
    4. CANSOFCOM:
      1. J5, LCol Lachine, 998-4269.
    5. CJOC:
      1. Deputy J5, LCol Ruff, 945-2395; and
      2. CFWC Joint Doctrine Branch Head, LCol Ferguson, 949-9538.
    6. VCDS:
      1. COS VCDS J1 Mil Pers Svcs, Maj Cressman, 996-3141.
    7. CMP:
      1. Policy Advisor, Ewa Petruczynik, 943-9901; and
      2. CDA SSO Professional Development, LCol Magee, 613-541-5010, ext 3867.
    8. ADM PA:
      1. DPAO SPAO, LCdr Williamson, 943-5539.

J.H. Vance
General

Annex A – Glossary

Distribution List

Distribution List

Action

  • VCDS
  • DCDRNORAD
  • DOS SJSADM(Pol)
  • ADM(Mat)
  • Comd RCN
  • Comd CA
  • Comd RCAF
  • CMP
  • Comd CJOC
  • Comd CFINTCOM
  • Comd CANSOFCOM
  • ADM(Fin)/CFO
  • ADM(IE)
  • ADM(HR-Civ)
  • ADM(IM)
  • ADM(S&T)
  • ADM(RS)
  • JAG
  • ADM(PA)
  • SJS DGO/DGP

Information

  • MND
  • Assoc MND
  • DM
  • Senior Assoc DM
  • Assoc DM

Annex A – Glossary 

TermDefinition
Gender The socially constructed attributes, roles, responsibilities and opportunities linked to being male or female in a given culture, as well as the socially constructed relationships between men, women, boys and girls. Gender is not the same as “sex”, which refers to the biological differences between females and males.
Gender Roles The socially constructed roles ascribed to men, women, boys, and girls, as opposed to biological and physical characteristics. These roles vary with socio-economic, political and cultural contexts, and are affected by other factors, including age, race, class and ethnicity. Gender roles are learned and are changeable.
Gender Advisors (GENAD) NATO Definition: military or civilian personnel who operate at the strategic and operational levels, and are a resource to the Commander who is responsible for the overall integration of gender perspectives into planning, execution and evaluation. The GENAD monitors, coordinates with, and supports Gender Field Advisors and Gender Focal Points.
Gender Field Advisors (GFA) NATO Definition: Military or civilian personnel deployed at the operational/tactical level to conduct gender analysis in the area of operations and to ensure that the commander’s intent and execution of tasks will be in line with the UN resolutions, NATO Bi-SC Directive 40-1 and Government of Canada direction.
Gender Focal Points (GFP) NATO definition: Military or civilian personnel appointed within the branches at a headquarters level, and within units on a tactical level, to integrate gender perspectives within the plans, tasks and evaluations of their branches and units.
Gender Mainstreaming A strategy to achieve gender equality by assessing the implications for women and men of any planned action, including legislation, policies and programmes in all areas and at all levels, in order to assure that the concerns and experiences of women and men are taken into account in the design, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of policies and programmes in all political, economic and societal spheres. Gender mainstreaming in this context represents the process to recognise and incorporate the role gender plays in relation to operational missions. Gender mainstreaming does not focus solely on women, but the benefits of mainstreaming practices recognize their disadvantaged position in various communities.
Gender Perspective Recognizes that armed conflict and humanitarian disasters affect men, women, boys and girls in different ways. It refers to the differential needs, circumstances and experiences of women and men and how activities, policies, and programs have different effects on them. Integration of gender perspective is a way of assessing gender-based differences of women and men reflected in their social roles and interactions, in the distribution of power and the access to resources. More fundamentally, implementing a gender perspective is done by adapting action following a gender-based analysis; thus in Canada, the term “GBA+” is used more frequently.
Gender-Based Analysis Plus (GBA+) An analytical competency the federal government uses to advance gender equality in Canada; it is synonymous with applying “gender perspectives”. The "plus" highlights that GBA+ goes beyond gender, and includes the examination of a range of other intersecting identity factors (such as age, education, language, geography, culture and income). GBA+ is used to assess the potential impacts of policies, programs or initiatives on diverse groups of women and men, girls and boys, taking into account gender and other identity factors. GBA+ helps recognize and respond to the different situations and needs of a population at all stages of the planning and implementation processes, and makes it possible to identify potential differential effects before implementation. GBA+ challenges decision-makers to question the assumption that policies, programs and operations affect everyone in the same way.
Sexual and Gender-Based Violence (SGBV) Conflict-related violence that is directed against a person on the basis of gender or sex. It includes acts that inflict physical, mental or sexual harm or suffering, threats of such acts, coercion and other deprivations of liberty. While women, men, boys and girls can be victims of SGBV, women and girls are the main victims. Under the WPS UNSCRs, SGBV when used as a weapon of war may be considered a war crime or crime against humanity.
Sexual Exploitation and Abuse (SEA) Any actual or attempted abuse of a position of vulnerability, differential power, or trust, for sexual purposes, including, but not limited to, profiting monetarily, socially or politically from the sexual exploitation of another. Sexual abuse is the actual or threatened physical intrusion of a sexual nature, whether by force or under unequal or coercive conditions. In this context, SEA is the term used for such abuses when perpetrated by “blue force” (UN, coalition, allied, Canadian, etc.) personnel.

 

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