Targeted Engagement Grants 2014-2015 (round 2)


University of Quebec in Montreal, Raoul-Dandurand Chair in Strategic and Diplomatic Studies – $13,320

“Who decides in Washington? The Making of US foreign policy” (March 26-27, 2015 – Montreal, QC)

This two-day conference, consisting of panels, speeches and lunch and learn sessions, aims to decrypt the complex foreign policy decision-making process at the White House by addressing issues such as the legacy of past administrations and the influence of structural frameworks, bureaucratic rivalries, lobbies, media and public opinion groups. The conference also addresses the ways in which the US decision-making process is adjusting to emerging issues such as cyber warfare, pandemics, climate change, Arctic tensions, the pivot to Asia and the crises in Ukraine and the Middle East. Speakers include academics and policy-makers from Canada and the US. The presentations will be live-streamed online, and the participants will be invited to contribute to a collective publication.

The Roméo Dallaire Child Soldiers Initiative, Dalhousie University – $20,000

“Strengthening the Capacity of the Canadian Armed Forces to Address and Prevent the Use of Child Soldiers” (June 5-6, 2015 – Cornwall, ON)

This two-day project seeks to enhance the ability of Canadian and Allied military and security personnel to address the threat and prevent the use of child soldiers. It consists of a series of workshops involving representatives of DND/CAF, the RCMP, Public Safety and the US Armed Forces, designed to identify the impact of encounters with child soldiers on troop resilience and effectiveness, tools for harm prevention and reduction and training gaps and opportunities. The input received during the workshops will enable the Dallaire Initiative to improve the curriculum it has developed for senior security actors dealing with child soldiers.

United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research – $25,000

“The Weaponization of Increasingly Autonomous Technologies (Phase II): Addressing Competing Narratives” (October 2015 – New York City, NY, USA)

This meeting, held over a period of up to two days, brings together a group of experts from various disciplines, including at least one Canadian expert, for discussions on the topic of cyber-autonomy intersection. It is part of a larger project comprising a series of similar meetings designed to bring clarity to polarized debates on autonomous technologies, their strategic value and associated ethical questions, and constitutes the second phase of an analysis commissioned in 2013 by the UN Secretary-General’s Advisory Board on Disarmament Matters. An observation report will be made publicly available following the event.

University of Quebec in Montreal – $7,992

“The Impact of a ‘Post-American World’ on Canadian Foreign and Defence Policy” (September 24-26, 2015 – Montreal, QC)

This three-day conference, comprised of expert panels and workshops, aims to examine the impact of the relative decline of the US and the emergence of a multipolar world on Canada’s foreign and defence policy. Specific topics explored include Canada’s military acquisitions, structure and engagements, and our relations with powers such as China and Russia. Participants include Canadian and US academics and students, retired and serving civil servants and military personnel. The best contributions will be published as a collective work.

University of Calgary, Centre for Military and Strategic Studies – $3,330

“17th Annual Graduate Strategic Studies Conference: Security, Strategy and Defence” (March 6-7, 2015 – Calgary, AB)

This annual two-day conference is a student-organized, multidisciplinary forum where graduate and undergraduate students from around the world present their research on topics related to security, strategy and defence before an audience consisting of academics, military personnel, government officials, industry experts and members of the public. Topics for this year include the virtual recruitment of soldiers, procurement for Arctic capabilities, the mitigation of asymmetric conflict in Eastern Europe and the strategic deployment of drones in Africa and the Middle East. All student presenters will be invited to publish their research in the online, free Journal for Military and Strategic Studies.

École nationale d’administration publique – $7,000

“Canada and its Allies in Response to Territorialized Terrorist Networks” (April 30, 2015 – Montreal, QC)

The goal of this one-day conference is to explore the threat posed by territorialized terrorist networks, examine allied positions and identify the best mitigation strategies available to the Canadian government and the Canadian Armed Forces. Through an ad-hoc professional development partnership with the 2nd Canadian Division, a number of Canadian Armed Forces officers are attending the event. A conference report and videos of the discussions will be posted online.

Queen’s University, Centre for International and Defence Policy – $12,270

“The Future Canadian Soldier and Enhancement of Human Performance: Research Meets Policy” (September 17-18, 2015 – Kingston, ON)

This two-day workshop will bring together experts from academia, think tanks, DND/CAF and the US and German militaries to examine the implications of advanced performance enhancement technologies for defence policy and planning. Specific topics for discussion include the strategic, political, legal, health and ethical trade-offs involved in the use of these technologies, as well as their impact on military effectiveness, alliance coordination and the soldier-society connection. A special issue of scholarly articles will be published following the event.

McGill University, Institute for Air and Space Law – $25,000

“International Law Applicable to Military Uses of Outer Space” (July 2015 – Montreal, QC)

The purpose of this three-day workshop is to examine - through discussions and the presentation of scholarly research - the current state of international law on the military uses of outer space, including the law on use of force and law of armed conflict. This will allow the Institute for Air and Space Law to set the stage for a broader three-year project to develop a “Manual on International Law Applicable to Military Uses of Outer Space.” Workshop participants include Canadian, European, Australian and Chinese academics, as well as DND/CAF and Australian military personnel.

Friends of Europe - $16,163

“The Asian Paradox: Rising Wealth, Lingering Tensions.” (June 30, 2015 – Brussels, Belgium)

This half-day conference aims to examine the apparent disconnect between increased regional trade cooperation in Asia and heightened tensions around territorial flashpoints and horizontal security issues. It is comprised of two panel sessions that address topics such as lingering historical animosities, territorial disputes, the effectiveness of the regional security architecture and the role of NATO. These panel sessions are complemented by two internet debates through which online discussants can feed questions into, and debate the conclusions of, the conference itself. Speakers include senior government officials, academics and business representatives. The event will be live-streamed and guest contributions will be published.

University of Montreal, Centre for International Studies and Research – $5,994

“Transformations of War” (May 28, 2015 – Montreal, QC)

The purpose of this one-day workshop is to examine the challenges posed for Canadian and Allied armed forces by the rise of hybrid warfare, the potential erosion of Western air supremacy and the emergence of cyberspace as a new battleground. A series of presentations by academic speakers will be followed by commentary and questions, including from a senior Canadian Armed Forces official. Workshop texts and debates will be published in the online collection Les Cahiers du Cérium.

University of Ottawa, Centre for International Policy Studies – $9,580

“Ottawa Forum Working Group on International Security and National Defence” (Discussion Paper presentation at the Ottawa Forum on September 25-26, 2015 – Ottawa, ON)

This working group, comprised of academics and policy experts, is meeting on a monthly basis between December 2014 and September 2015 to produce a paper with specific recommendations for Canada and the Canadian Armed Forces in the key areas of international security and defence policy, including the evolving threat environment, future missions, capability requirements, international defence relations, cyber security and national security architecture and management. This paper will be presented and discussed during the Ottawa Forum, a two day event which brings together members of academia, NGOs, the government and the general public to discuss international policy options for a new, or newly-re-elected, Canadian Government. Copies of the Working Group’s final report will be made available online and the Forum itself will be live-streamed.

Laval University, Clinic for International and Humanitarian Law – $3,663

“Workshop: Teaching the Law of Armed Conflict” (May 21-22 – Quebec, QC)

This two-day workshop aims to ensure more relevant Law of Armed Conflict (LOAC) training for both Canadian academics and members of the Canadian Armed Forces by bringing together professors of international law, military personnel and representatives of the International Committee of the Red Cross and Canadian Red Cross to discuss topics related to LOAC instruction. These include the legal and ethical aspects of humanitarian assistance, the application of human rights law during armed conflict, the scope of LOAC and the role of experiential learning. An article summarizing the workshop highlights will be published on a blog.

Atlantic Council of Canada – $3,330

“Conference: Women, Peace and Security” (April 28, 2015 – Toronto, ON)

 This one-day conference will consist of a keynote address and three panels dealing with UN Security Council Resolution 1325 (Women, Peace and Security) and its implementation in Canada, women on the frontlines in conflict and resolution and women in peace negotiations, governance and development. The

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