Targeted Engagement Grants 2015-2016 Round 2


Institute of Air and Space Law, McGill University – $25,000

“A Manual on International Law Applicable to Military and Security Uses of Outer Space: First Project Plenary” (September 2016, Montreal, QC)

A three day plenary workshop bringing together a team of the Project Management Board, the International Group of Legal Experts, policy and technical experts, and observers from the International Committee of the Red Cross, to launch the project to develop a Manual on International Law Applicable to Military and Security Activities in Outer Space.

Conference of Defence Associations Institute – $25,000

“84th Conference on Security and Defence” (18-19 February 2016, Ottawa, ON)

The annual Ottawa Conference on Security and Defence occurs every February at the Fairmont Château Laurier Hotel in Ottawa, ON. This is an event addressing security and defence issues, which has garnered international recognition. The conference consists of a series of presentations, keynote speeches, and panel discussions, which involve prominent security and defence experts, military and defence officials, operational commanders, and high level political and policy speakers. Conference participants will address highly relevant and timely themes related to international affairs, security and defence.

Mount Saint Vincent University – $25,000

“Women in International Security-Canada Workshop: Women in Security across Military and Civilian Lines” (17-19 June 2016, Halifax, NS)

Mount Saint Vincent University will host the 9th annual workshop of Women in International Security–Canada (WIIS–Canada) from June 17-19, 2016. WIIS–Canada is an organization that aims to advance women’s leadership at all stages of their career in international defence and security. It engages members of academic, government, military, private, and non-profit sectors. The workshop consists of mentoring, leadership training, and academic panels that encourage and involve both men and women, but aspire to showcase the work of women, who remain underrepresented in the field of international defence and security.

Institute of Air and Space Law, McGill University – $25,000

“A Manual on International Law Applicable to Military and Security Uses of Outer Space: Research and Administrative Assistant to the Chair” (May 2016, Montreal, QC)

The Institute of Air and Space Law will use this grant to hire a capable graduate student or early career academic to assist the Chair of the Project Management Board for the MILAMOS in all aspects of overseeing the development of a Manual on International Law Applicable to Military and Security Activities in Outer Space.

African Access Consulting, University of Calgary – $24,850

“Revisiting Africa in Canadian Security Planning and Assessment” (4-6 June 2016, Calgary, AB)

The “Revisiting Africa” initiative is designed to bring together experts in

African affairs, Canadian foreign and defence policy, terrorism, peace operations, military planning, military training, intelligence and assessment, the development-security nexus, etc., to consider a range of important questions about the African continent in past and future Canadian security and defence policy and planning.

Project Ploughshares – $24,632

“Meaningful Human Control and Lethal Autonomous Weapons Systems” (7-8 April 2016, Waterloo, ON)

This research project and workshop will examine the emerging debates regarding meaningful human control in the case of lethal autonomous weapons systems (LAWS). Both the project and workshop will focus on different aspects of the notion of meaningful human control and provide recommendations on how this principle can guide decisions of policy makers with respect to LAWS.

Conference of Defence Associations Institute – $15,000

“Strategic Outlook for Canada 2016: Normalcy of Uncertainty” (18-19 February 2016, Ottawa, ON)

The CDA Institute has published the annual Strategic Outlook for Canada since 2013. The Strategic Outlook provides a unique strategic overview of Canada’s security and defence policy and the broader global geo-strategic developments confronting policy-makers and officials in Ottawa – including those in the Department of National Defence.

Centre for International and Defence Policy (CIDP), Queen’s University – $21,700

“Bilan de la politique étrangère et de défense d'Obama: la fin de la grande stratégie?” (15-17 October 2016, Poiters, France)

The event will bring together renowned scholars from Canada and its allies, such as the United States, France, Denmark, and others, to discuss the future of American foreign and defence policy. The purpose of this project is to provide an analysis of the redefinition of American leadership under president Obama, by analyzing the tools of smart power strategies. It will study the key concepts of the strategy of the “Obama strategy” in foreign and defence policy. By taking a close look at what smart

power entails, as well as at its limits, this study aims to provide an overview and a first evaluation of American foreign and policy under President Obama, as well as implications for alliance politics. The event will result in a policy report outlining recommendations for Canadian foreign and defence policy by leading experts.

The Mackenzie Institute – $25,000

“Canada’s Defence Perspectives 2020-2050: Funding, Recapitalization and Procurement for the Canadian Forces” (30-31 March 2016, Ottawa, ON)

The goal of this conference is to engage with the members of the Government of Canada and military community in an open discussion in order to develop approaches for the Canadian defence community. In particular, the Mackenzie Institute is seeking to raise awareness for the urgent need to recapitalize the Canadian Forces’ equipment and personnel and maintain sufficient capacity to meet domestic, continental, hemispheric, and global strategic objectives in concert with the US and other NATO allies.

Stimson – $16,650

“Military Spending for a New Strategic Reality” (2016, Washington, DC, USA)

Analysts argue that the world has entered a new era of “grey zone” conflicts, or ongoing shadow wars that present great strategic risk to Canada, the United States, and international community. In this new strategic reality, defense spending may rise initially as threat perceptions remain on high alert, but settle as this pattern becomes the new normal, shifting the focus back to domestic needs. To address these budgetary realities, Stimson proposes a series of high-level roundtable discussions to question how the international community can prepare to fight the most effective and efficient wars in a resource-limited context that is likely to persist.

Centre for International and Defence Policy, Queen's University – $14,812

“Combat Motivation - Past, Present, and Future: The Canadian Context” (15-16 October 2016, Kingston, ON)

In spite of the central importance of combat motivation to modern militaries, there is very little Canadian scholarship on the subject. This project proposes to conduct a workshop in order to fill this crucial gap in Canadian scholarship by exploring the topic of combat motivation from a Canadian perspective. The project would involve a close examination of combat situations faced by the Canadian military from 1943 to the present date. As the composition of the military continues to change, whether due to broader social changes or economic constraint, greater inquiry into those factors affecting combat motivation is needed.

Centre for Military and Strategic Studies, University of Calgary – $6,660

“18th Annual Graduate Strategic Studies Conference: Security, Strategy, and Defence” (25-26 February 2016, Calgary, AB)

The Annual Graduate Strategic Studies Conference is organized by the graduate students of the Centre for Military and Strategic Studies (CMSS) at the University of Calgary. It is a scholarly forum encouraging multidisciplinary discussions on a range of security and defence issues, both domestic and international. Each year, the conference acts as a venue for public debate on topics ranging from terrorism, military readiness, procurement, intelligence, and defence policy to conflict prevention/management and human security.

Department of Economics, Queen’s University – $7,326

“Cost Implications of Public-Private Partnerships in the UK Defence” (Summer 2016)

Given the potential interest in considering a Public Private Partnership (PPP) in providing Search & Rescue (SAR) services from Trenton by upgrading the existing Gryphons, this study aims to understand the output performance of several UK defence PPPs in terms of their effects on command and control within the force elements. The existing research on defence PPPs exclusively concentrates on cost consequences. The research proposed hereby investigates the organizational implications in an operational context with potential lessons for Canada.

École nationale d'Administration publique – $12,357

« Tensions et réformes du processus d'approvisionnement militaire au Canada » (21 May 2016, Montréal, QC)

The project is to hold discussions structured around two themes: political, economic and security considerations that affect the process of defense procurement in Canada; and reforms implemented by Canada and the Allied governments concerning military procurement in recent years. Given that the Canadian model is changing, there is a need to reflect back to the underlying issues that are related to military procurement in Canada. Likewise, consideration in greater depth the various options available to the Canadian government on reforms is needed.

Le Forum St-Laurent (FSL), Université Laval, UQAM, Université de Montréal – $13,320

« Forum St-Laurent sur la sécurité internationale » (6 May 2016, Québec City, QC)

The Forum aims to facilitate high-level exchanges between policy makers, practitioners, researchers, members of the business community, journalists, and representatives of civil society. In doing so, it addresses the issue of international security in these various dimensions: geopolitical rivalries between states, and defense policy issues, human security, environmental and energy security, and national security.

China Institute, University of Alberta – $16,650

“The Fourth Asia Pacific-Arctic Workshop: Evolving Role and Posture of China, Canada, the US, and Other Stakeholders” (July 2016)

This one-day-and-a-half workshop is designed to discuss the evolving role and posture of the stakeholders within the continental and global defence environments in a resource-limited context, and what will be the implications for Canada, the US, China and other parties. It will bring together scholars and government officials from Canada, the US, China, and other regional states to discuss three dimensions of maritime security in both the Arctic and the South China Sea: geopolitics and security; international shipping; and prospects and challenges for cooperation.

Quantum Alberta Institute, University of Alberta – $7,560

“Quantum Alberta Workshop: Advanced Quantum Technologies” (16 May 2016, Sylvan Lake/Red Deer, AB)

 This workshop, entitled “Quantum Alberta Workshop: Advanced Quantum Technologies,” will address the technological capabilities enabled by the quantum focused research portfolio of the institute. Specifically, it will focus on engaging with the Department of National Defence and industrial partners participating in quantum-related technologies, such as Microsoft, Google, IBM, D-Wave Systems, and Raytheon.

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