Targeted Engagement Grants 2016-2017


SFU Model NATO Club, Department of Political Science, Simon Fraser University – $25,000

“Global Model NATO Summit : Vancouver 2016” (25-30 July 2016, Vancouver and Victoria, BC)

The Global Model NATO Summit will immerse over 100 students into the policies, methods, and challenges faced by defence and military officials at NATO through a six-day workshop program. The project plans on engaging a large and diverse number of Defence Team officials including ADM(Pol). The planners will engage local and national media and publish the results of the event in a scholarly journal.

Centre for International Peace and Security Studies (CIPSS), McGill University – $16,292

“New Trends in United Nations-led Peacekeeping: Canadian and Global Perspectives” (24 October 2016, Montreal, QC)

This one-day conference at McGill University will address two key trends of relevance to DND/CAF: new peacekeeping mandates and new peacekeeping actors. The will conference will include four panels: expansion of peacekeeping mandates; peacekeeping and the security-development nexus; new contributors to peacekeeping; and who controls peacekeeping. This project will bring together a diverse group of panelists from academia, government, and non-governmental organizations, and one from DND/CAF and will be open to the public. The organizers will produce an event report for DND, containing an executive summary, a discussion of the interventions, as well as a set of policy recommendations for the Government of Canada.

St. Jerome’s University in the University of Waterloo – $24,395

“A Whole-of-Government/Comprehensive Approach to Defence, Security and Safety in the Arctic: Meeting Public Policy Challenges and Translating Theory into Practice” (November 2016 and January 2017, Yellowknife, NT, and Ottawa, ON)

The project will include a two-day workshop involving approximately 30 Canadian scholars and federal, territorial, and indigenous government representatives, including BGen Nixon, Commander, Joint Task Force (North). The project will examine the whole-of-government approach to defence, safety, and security in the arctic in an effort to clarify and inform how academics and policy-makers envisage, implement, and sustain comprehensive security and safety approaches in order to ensure direct, positive policy and practical benefits for Northern governments and communities. In addition to the research portion, they plan outreach meetings in Yellowknife, Washington, and Ottawa.

Centre for International and Defence Policy (CIDP) – $23,134

“Peace First: Canada’s Role in Peace Operations” (20-21 October 2016, Kingston, ON)

This workshop will gather scholars, practitioners, and policy experts from multidisciplinary fields to assess the merits and implications of various policy options on Canada’s role in training peacekeepers and engaging in peace operations. The proposed participants come from diverse organizations based in Canada and abroad, including academic institutions, think-tanks, and several Canadian government departments (including DND/CAF and GAC). The proponents will prepare academic articles and a policy report outlining recommendations for DND/CAF.

Global Security Initiative (GSI), Arizona State University – $25,000

“Lethal Autonomous Weapons, Artificial Intelligence and Meaningful Human Control” (September, 2016, Tempe, AZ, USA)

This workshop will identify and validate cross-cutting approaches and/or cross-disciplinary policy approaches to Meaningful Human Control (MHC) in weapons systems following on from the vast array of work produced on the concept in the lead up and aftermath of the UN Informal Experts Meeting. This workshop aims to produce policy options that reflect the wider significance of the issues under consideration. Deliverables will be presented at the UN in December. This project will provide a platform for the JAG to contribute to the conversation and outputs.

Centre d’Études et de Recherches Internationales de l’Université de Montréal (CÉRIUM), Université de Montréal – $10,000

“L’Otan après le sommet de Varsovie : quelle place pour le Canada au sein de l’Alliance atlantique?” (30 September 2016, Montréal, QC)

This study and workshop will examine the impact of the Ukraine crisis in relation to NATO and Russia. The participants will include several Canadian and European scholars and military officials including NATO’s Supreme Allied Commander and Supreme Allied Commander Transformation. It will examine the strategic actions and consequences for NATO, the implications for deteriorating relations between the two, and the role of Canada. The outcomes from this study and event will be published in le CERIUM and Le Devior et Monde68 and will be made available on YouTube.

Mackenzie Institute – $16,500

“Canada’s Defence Policy Review: The Geopolitical Context 2020-2050” (22 September 2016, Toronto, ON)

This conference will provide insight into Canadian national security matters in a global context. The organizer aims to raise awareness of current and future geopolitical trends as they impact the DND/CAF in relation to the Defence Policy Review. The event will seek to attract participation from government decision-makers, DND/CAF personnel, as well as security experts and academics and will involve them in discussions relating to the Defence Policy Review.

Conference of Defence Associations Institute, Norman Paterson School of International Affairs, and Queen’s University – $16,500

“Pan-Canadian Focus Group Workshop: Realistic and Credible Policy Advice for Canada’s Defence Review” (8 August 2016, Ottawa, ON)

This one-day focus group workshop will bring together defence academics and practitioners from Canadian universities, Canada Command and the Canadian Forces College, policy analysts from key government departments (including DND, PCO, and TBS), retired and serving Canadian military, as well as graduate students to analyse the key issues and challenges facing the DND and the CAF. The main deliverable is to provide realistic, credible and focused input to the 2016 Defence Policy Review. The workshop will consist of four focus groups made up of approximately 50 government observers and defence experts from across Canada. The themes of the focus groups are threat environment, the forces, readiness, and missions and allies. Experts will be assigned to groups based on their expertise.

Centre for Defence and Security Studies (CDSS), University of Manitoba, and the Norman Paterson School of International Affairs – $25,000

“Part 3 NORAD Evolved – a multi-domain, multi-mission, multi-partner North American Defense Command? Part 3 of 3” (July 2016 – Spring 2017)

This research project involves the creation and analysis of four new models for NORAD via academic study and a series of interviews with key military and government personnel in Canada and the US. The goal is to test the four new models of NORAD for command and control implications, responsiveness to future threats and benefits to Canada-US defence relations. The deliverables of this multi-step project include: a presentation to Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS), a workshop at the Canadian Forces College, a presentation to the Maritime Stakeholders’ Workshop, a special edition of the International Journal and the CDA Institute’s Vimy Paper, dedicated to the research findings of this project. The principle investigators will also prepare a summary report of the findings for DND, Canada NORAD Regional HQ, and US Northern Command.

Balsillie School of International Affairs, University of Waterloo, and Wilfred Laurier University’s Laurier Centre for Military Strategic and Disarmament Studies (LCMSDS) – $13,956

“Strengthening the Canadian Forces Through Diversity: “We stand on guard for thee”” (Spring 2017, Waterloo, ON)

This one-day workshop will bring together academics, policy practitioners, and CAF personnel to present research and insights about the lack of diversity in the demographic makeup of the CAF. The goal of the workshop is to identify the benefits of increased diversity in the CAF, examine evidence to uncover where the problem lies in CAF recruitment among different identity groups, and to provide policy recommendations to help the CAF remedy this problem. Academics will be asked to present papers on these three issues. The papers will be peer-reviewed and collated into an edited manuscript collection.

Article 36 – $16,500

“Autonomous Weapons, Artificial Intelligence and Human Control – Evaluating the Human-System Interface in Weapons Review Processes” (2016-Onward, London, UK)

This project builds on work undertaken by Article 36 in conjunction with Dr. Heather Roff of the University of Arizona to develop conceptual thinking around meaningful human control in the context of autonomous weapons and artificial intelligence. Part of the research will consist of interviews with practitioners in the fields of artificial intelligence, military policy, and weapon review processes. The main deliverable will be a research report that will provide a framework for thinking about how human control can be evaluated in the context of weapons review processes, which will be released at the UN Convention on Conventional Weapons Review Conference in December 2016.

École nationale d'Administration publique (ENAP) – $13,859

“ Tensions et réformes du processus d'approvisionnement militaire au Canada ” (17 November 2016, Montréal, QC)

This project will support a conference focused on the tensions between economic interests, political considerations, and security concerns in the military procurement process.  The conference will identify key lessons learned from allies that may be applicable in Canada with respect to defence acquisition reforms.

Valens Global, LLC – $24,270

“ISIL 2021: A Five-Year Projection of ISIL’s Expansionist Activities in North and West Africa” (June-September 2016, Washington, DC, USA)

This project seeks to provide Canadian defence officials with analysis of ISIL’s activities in Libya and the wider North African region. The project will consist of three components. The first is an assessment of ISIL’s strategy, tactics, strengths and vulnerabilities in North and West Africa. The second examines future scenarios for ISIL in the region and examines loss of territory in Iraq and Syria, ISIL leadership changes, competition or collaboration between ISIL and al-Qaeda, socio-political evolution in Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, and Mali, and Western military intervention in North and West Africa. The final component will consist of half-day briefings with Canadian defence officials in 2016 and February 2017 to present the project’s findings and engage in simulation exercises. The final deliverable will be a detailed 20-page report.

Norman Paterson School of International Affairs, Carleton University – $16,500

“Problems Abroad? Revisiting the Intervention Trap in an Era of Global Uncertainty” (6-7 October 2016, Ottawa, ON)

This workshop will evaluate the effectiveness of foreign interventions in ongoing conflict through paper submissions, presentations, and debate. Papers will address the causes, consequences, and policy implications for these interventions and will explore issues including Responsibility to Protect, the UN Charter, and the impact of small arms on the diffusion of conflicts and civil wars. The workshop is aimed at 30 invitees who are emerging scholars conducting research on conflict intervention and is designed specifically as an advanced training and learning opportunity. The proponent has sought contributions from leading universities and think tanks from around the world, as well as emerging Canadian scholars. Papers will evaluate the decision-making criteria of interveners, both states and international organizations and researchers will present their papers to an audience of their peers, senior academics, and policy specialists. The papers will be submitted for peer-review and the top papers will be published in a Canadian Foreign Policy Journal special issue on conflict intervention.

University of Ottawa and Saint-Paul University – $25,000

“Hybrid Warfare: New Concepts for Canadian Armed Forces” (15-16 October 2016, Toronto, ON)

This workshop aims to contribute to current and future Canadian defence policy thinking with regard to the emergence of hybrid warfare. The workshop will gather 16 military professionals and 4 academics from around the world, all of whom have either developed or taught concepts for understanding and waging hybrid warfare conflicts. (Confirmed participants include Dr. Alex Ryan (US army), Ben Zweibelson (US SOCOM), MGen (ret.) Yossi Baidatz (Israel Defense Forces) and Gen Carlos Ospina Ovalle (Colombian Army).) Each participant will present a 20-minute paper of 3000 words on their area of expertise (e.g. gray zones, complex systems, asymmetry, drift, reframing, etc.) and the best contributions will be submitted as a special issue to the Canadian Military Journal. All contributions will also be submitted as an edited book manuscript to Hurst Publishers ‘Critical War Studies’ series in 2017.

Canadian Global Affairs Institute – $25,000

“Defence Procurement Deliverology” (October 2016, Ottawa, ON)

This project will comprise of a major research paper as well as a one-day conference in Ottawa focused on DND’s major capital equipment procurements. The paper will track any  progress made on the procurements listed in DND’s Status Report on Transformational and Major Crown Projects and the Defence Acquisition Guide, and will provide information and analysis on which projects are proceeding faster than anticipated, which are on schedule, and which are delayed and why. The conference will address the key challenges with respect to defence procurement in Canada.  The conference program has been constructed to examine four subjects that are of significant importance to defence procurement generally: the treatment of intellectual property in defence acquisitions; linking defence and industrial policy; managing life-cycle affordability; and improving the defence procurement process in Canada. The conference will also specifically address the acquisition of a new fighter jets and Canadian Surface Combatants.  The research paper will be published in conjunction with the conference in October 2016. A conference report would be published within 30 days of the event.

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